World Merchandise Exports and Imports by Commodity
Publication date: 2019-03-10
Reporting period: 2002 - 2018
Timeseries: 2.27 million
Source:UN Comtrade
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ALL COMMODITIES | Imports and Exports | 2018

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ALL COMMODITIES | Imports and Exports | 2018

In 2018, the world merchandise exports exceeded $18.5 trillion (according to the external trade statistics of 129 countries). It was $17.2 trillion in the previous year (according to the merchandise trade statistics of 151 countries).

There are no trade data (2018) for such exporters as Vietnam (1.24% of the world exports in 2017), Iran (0.614%), Algeria (0.204%), Tunisia (0.082%), Sri Lanka (0.068%), Guatemala (0.063%), Dominican Republic (0.051%), Congo (0.047%), Honduras (0.028%), Sudan (0.024%), Cameroon (0.018%), Mauritania (0.011%), Mali (0.011%), Swaziland (0.01%)

Top exporters of goods in 2018

The world's largest exporters of commodities in 2018 were

  • China - 13.4% of the world exports ($2.49 trillion)
  • USA - 8.97% ($1.66 trillion)
  • Germany - 8.41% ($1.56 trillion)
  • Japan - 3.97% ($738 billion)
  • Korea - 3.25% ($604 billion)

According to statistics provided by the major exporters, the largest flows of exports of «ALL COMMODITIES» in 2018 were

  • Exports from Canada to USA: (1.82% of the world exports, $337 billion according to the external trade statistics of Canada)
  • Exports from China to Hong-Kong: (1.63% of the world exports, $302 billion according to the external trade statistics of China)
  • Exports from China to USA: (2.58% of the world exports, $479 billion according to the external trade statistics of China)
  • Exports from Hong-Kong to China: (1.69% of the world exports, $314 billion according to the external trade statistics of Hong-Kong)
  • Exports from Korea to China: (0.873% of the world exports, $162 billion according to the external trade statistics of Korea)
  • Exports from Mexico to USA: (1.85% of the world exports, $344 billion according to the external trade statistics of Mexico)
  • Exports from Saudi Arabia to Areas, nes: (1.24% of the world exports, $231 billion according to the external trade statistics of Saudi Arabia)
  • Exports from United Arab Emirates to Areas, nes: (1.15% of the world exports, $214 billion according to the external trade statistics of United Arab Emirates)
  • Exports from USA to Canada: (1.61% of the world exports, $299 billion according to the external trade statistics of USA)
  • Exports from USA to Mexico: (1.43% of the world exports, $265 billion according to the external trade statistics of USA)

In 2018, the world merchandise imports exceeded $18.7 trillion (according to the external trade statistics of 129 countries). It was $17.4 trillion in the previous year (according to the merchandise trade statistics of 151 countries).

There are no trade data (2018) for such importers as Vietnam (1.22% of the world imports in 2017), Iran (0.295%), Algeria (0.264%), Sri Lanka (0.122%), Tunisia (0.118%), Dominican Republic (0.111%), Guatemala (0.105%), Sudan (0.058%), Nepal (0.057%), Honduras (0.049%), Jamaica (0.033%), Cameroon (0.029%), Congo (0.026%), Mali (0.024%)

Top importers of goods in 2018

The world's largest importers of commodities in 2018 were

  • USA - 13.9% of the world imports ($2.61 trillion)
  • China - 11.3% ($2.13 trillion)
  • Germany - 6.88% ($1.29 trillion)
  • Japan - 3.98% ($748 billion)
  • United Kingdom - 3.57% ($671 billion)
  • France - 3.51% ($659 billion)

According to statistics provided by the major importers, the largest flows of imports of «ALL COMMODITIES» in 2018 were

  • Imports to Canada from USA (1.25% of the world imports, $235 billion according to the external trade statistics of Canada)
  • Imports to China from Japan (0.961% of the world imports, $180 billion according to the external trade statistics of China)
  • Imports to China from Korea (1.08% of the world imports, $204 billion according to the external trade statistics of China)
  • Imports to China from Other Asia, nes (0.944% of the world imports, $177 billion according to the external trade statistics of China)
  • Imports to Hong-Kong from China (1.49% of the world imports, $280 billion according to the external trade statistics of Hong-Kong)
  • Imports to Japan from China (0.925% of the world imports, $173 billion according to the external trade statistics of Japan)
  • Imports to Mexico from USA (1.15% of the world imports, $216 billion according to the external trade statistics of Mexico)
  • Imports to USA from Canada (1.73% of the world imports, $325 billion according to the external trade statistics of USA)
  • Imports to USA from China (3% of the world imports, $563 billion according to the external trade statistics of USA)
  • Imports to USA from Mexico (1.86% of the world imports, $349 billion according to the external trade statistics of USA)

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Reporter TOTAL. ALL COMMODITIES
Exports Imports
2018 2018
Value (US$) World Share ($), % Value (US$) World Share ($), %
China 2 494 230 194 966 13.44 2 134 982 614 989 11.375
USA 1 665 302 936 591 8.973 2 611 432 490 157 13.914
Germany 1 562 546 821 071 8.419 1 292 832 708 898 6.888
Japan 738 201 192 214 3.977 748 217 608 150 3.986
Korea 604 807 317 420 3.258 535 183 373 387 2.851
Netherlands 585 622 815 047 3.155 521 452 416 789 2.778
Hong-Kong 569 105 739 731 3.066 627 327 030 842 3.342
France 568 535 879 844 3.063 659 374 522 338 3.513
Italy 549 906 995 682 2.963 503 581 133 885 2.683
United Kingdom 490 820 584 556 2.644 671 587 990 056 3.578
Belgium 468 643 264 452 2.525 454 713 800 856 2.422
Russia 451 494 828 173 2.432 240 225 755 863 1.279
Mexico 450 531 651 245 2.427 464 268 470 340 2.473
Canada 450 277 702 391 2.426 459 866 293 948 2.45
Singapore 411 743 293 747 2.218 370 503 520 526 1.974
United Arab Emirates 387 910 040 562 2.09 244 645 890 108 1.303
Other Asia, nes 335 743 566 738 1.809 286 194 740 458 1.524
Spain 328 527 654 075 1.77 376 185 085 923 2.004
India 322 492 099 897 1.737 507 615 733 027 2.704
Switzerland 310 524 275 089 1.673 278 665 555 576 1.484
Saudi Arabia 294 535 553 148 1.587 135 211 178 073 0.72
Poland 261 815 268 525 1.41 267 699 886 888 1.426
Australia 252 775 516 219 1.362 235 519 140 875 1.254
Thailand 252 485 154 115 1.36 249 173 519 017 1.327
Malaysia 247 323 665 356 1.332 217 358 263 559 1.158
Brazil 239 887 754 933 1.292 181 230 498 358 0.965
Czech Republic 202 521 577 709 1.091 184 924 023 432 0.985
Indonesia 180 215 034 437 0.971 188 711 171 618 1.005
Austria 176 991 970 620 0.953 184 195 200 603 0.981
Turkey 168 023 390 683 0.905 223 039 038 051 1.188
Ireland 167 017 887 791 0.899 106 931 073 268 0.569
Sweden 165 926 284 400 0.894 170 154 447 495 0.906
Hungary 123 957 885 048 0.667 117 381 592 676 0.625
Norway 122 636 310 493 0.66 87 440 059 696 0.465
Denmark 108 564 263 153 0.584 101 675 698 528 0.541
South Africa 93 569 804 061 0.504 92 578 515 722 0.493
Slovak Republic 93 443 738 159 0.503 92 928 603 861 0.495
Qatar 84 288 459 125 0.454 31 696 087 963 0.168
Romania 80 077 606 266 0.431 97 877 632 897 0.521
Chile 75 481 713 821 0.406 74 187 323 277 0.395
Finland 75 258 290 459 0.405 78 352 161 411 0.417
Portugal 74 135 905 807 0.399 95 629 298 715 0.509
Kuwait 71 941 444 555 0.387 35 866 655 317 0.191
Philippines 67 487 668 298 0.363 115 038 016 454 0.612
Nigeria 62 399 742 736 0.336 43 011 523 214 0.229
Israel 61 906 412 000 0.333 76 584 110 000 0.408
Argentina 61 558 357 420 0.331 65 440 966 165 0.348
Kazakhstan 61 109 053 214 0.329 33 658 429 453 0.179
Peru 47 894 102 577 0.258 43 123 394 684 0.229
Ukraine 47 334 679 853 0.255 57 187 093 429 0.304
Colombia 41 831 520 220 0.225 51 230 566 648 0.272
Oman 41 760 976 158 0.225 25 770 092 486 0.137
New Zealand 39 838 898 880 0.214 43 736 245 673 0.233
Greece 39 490 521 437 0.212 65 141 447 585 0.347
Angola 37 684 682 653 0.203 16 353 060 717 0.087
Slovenia 36 471 278 939 0.196 36 267 337 521 0.193
Bulgaria 33 787 143 989 0.182 37 927 842 259 0.202
Belarus 33 726 141 400 0.181 38 408 911 900 0.204
Lithuania 33 334 576 736 0.179 36 501 414 404 0.194
Egypt 29 383 961 546 0.158 80 992 321 738 0.431
Morocco 29 330 295 914 0.158 51 251 406 023 0.273
Pakistan 23 630 892 979 0.127 60 162 862 445 0.32
Ecuador 21 606 133 822 0.116 23 019 652 623 0.122
Azerbaijan 19 458 632 514 0.104 11 459 395 444 0.061
Serbia 19 239 126 973 0.103 25 882 635 269 0.137
Estonia 17 856 964 736 0.096 19 839 355 105 0.105
Croatia 17 210 469 290 0.092 28 113 089 203 0.149
Ghana 17 099 588 399 0.092 11 880 470 763 0.063
Myanmar 16 671 612 499 0.089 19 345 459 571 0.103
Luxembourg 15 148 367 371 0.081 23 118 820 384 0.123
Latvia 15 032 702 015 0.081 18 613 315 167 0.099
Bahrain 14 347 737 494 0.077 20 597 535 923 0.109
Côte d`Ivoire 11 821 310 754 0.063 10 970 725 433 0.058
Costa Rica 11 251 781 448 0.06 16 563 019 255 0.088
Bolivia 9 064 737 435 0.048 10 044 646 994 0.053
Zambia 9 052 164 774 0.048 9 461 739 088 0.05
Paraguay 9 042 469 470 0.048 13 336 020 989 0.071
Jordan 7 750 262 862 0.041 20 309 900 969 0.108
Uruguay 7 498 004 935 0.04 8 893 245 997 0.047
Namibia 7 488 296 000 0.04 8 288 940 141 0.044
Bosnia and Herzegovina 7 182 096 317 0.038 11 629 555 025 0.061
Mongolia 7 011 757 684 0.037 5 874 787 944 0.031
Macedonia 6 906 336 855 0.037 9 051 677 474 0.048
Brunei 6 573 636 942 0.035 4 164 052 430 0.022
Botswana 6 573 000 891 0.035 6 168 953 942 0.032
Kenya 6 050 420 682 0.032 17 376 721 272 0.092
El Salvador 5 904 475 115 0.031 11 725 809 686 0.062
Iceland 5 561 475 841 0.029 7 686 033 358 0.04
Mozambique 5 195 579 533 0.027 6 785 547 384 0.036
Cyprus 5 065 369 407 0.027 10 812 572 215 0.057
Nicaragua 5 013 907 569 0.027 7 351 000 180 0.039
Zimbabwe 4 037 202 669 0.021 6 258 856 188 0.033
Malta 3 868 514 079 0.02 7 204 023 522 0.038
Tanzania 3 669 212 438 0.019 8 553 677 024 0.045
Senegal 3 623 242 949 0.019 8 071 410 856 0.043
Georgia 3 354 491 015 0.018 9 123 096 931 0.048
Burkina Faso 3 283 185 327 0.017 4 295 841 213 0.022
Madagascar 3 133 017 751 0.016 4 081 653 524 0.021
Uganda 3 087 363 576 0.016 6 729 436 499 0.035
Lebanon 2 952 759 932 0.015 19 982 944 051 0.106
Albania 2 875 859 778 0.015 5 941 286 949 0.031
Moldova 2 706 818 216 0.014 5 764 281 783 0.03
Armenia 2 383 413 799 0.012 4 849 934 597 0.025
Mauritius 1 987 672 862 0.01 5 669 326 922 0.03
Kyrgyz Republic 1 835 179 371 0.009 5 291 945 776 0.028
Afghanistan 1 769 008 992 0.009 14 813 180 649 0.078
Suriname 1 502 817 149 0.008 1 526 897 522 0.008
Guyana 1 487 342 206 0.008 3 997 940 041 0.021
State of Palestine 1 155 634 049 0.006 6 539 589 522 0.034
Fiji 1 041 040 355 0.005 2 719 590 986 0.014
Benin 952 223 706 0.005 3 278 030 278 0.017
Seychelles 846 972 441 0.004 1 136 551 339 0.006
Greenland 640 897 343 0.003 829 150 195 0.004
Solomon Islands 569 112 008 0.003 601 388 529 0.003
Montenegro 465 997 357 0.002 3 002 864 021 0.015
Barbados 457 709 750 0.002 1 599 911 169 0.008
Belize 240 911 158 0.001 957 739 411 0.005
Maldives 181 711 401 0 2 961 026 844 0.015
Burundi 169 071 156 0 793 512 239 0.004
Andorra 129 448 151 0 1 609 394 249 0.008
Cabo Verde 75 270 566 0 814 604 296 0.004
Aruba 69 762 736 0 1 257 869 571 0.006
Samoa 46 101 305 0 362 883 715 0.001
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 43 665 885 0 353 627 074 0.001
Antigua and Barbuda 25 841 081 0 569 155 190 0.003
Bermuda 22 912 424 0 1 070 009 014 0.005
São Tomé and Principe 12 087 302 0 148 305 957 0
Gambia 9 091 201 0 601 352 216 0.003
Palau 8 620 908 0 154 412 826 0