World Merchandise Exports and Imports by Commodity
Publication date: 2019-11-20
Reporting period: 2002 - 2018
Timeseries: 2.27 million
Source:UN Comtrade
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ALL COMMODITIES | Imports and Exports | 2018

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ALL COMMODITIES | Imports and Exports | 2018

In 2018, the world merchandise exports exceeded $18.5 trillion (according to external trade statistics of 127 countries). It was $17.2 trillion in the previous year (according to merchandise trade statistics of 151 countries).

There are no trade data (2018) for such exporters as Vietnam (1.24% of the world exports in 2017), Iran (0.614%), Algeria (0.204%), Tunisia (0.082%), Sri Lanka (0.068%), Guatemala (0.063%), Dominican Republic (0.051%), Congo (0.047%), Honduras (0.028%), Sudan (0.024%), Cameroon (0.018%), Burkina Faso (0.016%), Mauritania (0.011%), Mali (0.011%)

Top exporters of goods in 2018

The world's largest exporters of commodities in 2018 were

  • China - 13.4% of the world exports ($2.49 trillion)
  • USA - 8.97% ($1.66 trillion)
  • Germany - 8.42% ($1.56 trillion)
  • Japan - 3.97% ($738 billion)
  • Korea - 3.25% ($604 billion)

According to statistics provided by the major exporters, the largest flows of exports of «ALL COMMODITIES» in 2018 were

  • Exports from Canada to USA: (1.82% of the world exports, $337 billion according to external trade statistics of Canada)
  • Exports from China to Hong-Kong: (1.63% of the world exports, $302 billion according to external trade statistics of China)
  • Exports from China to USA: (2.58% of the world exports, $479 billion according to external trade statistics of China)
  • Exports from Hong-Kong to China: (1.69% of the world exports, $314 billion according to external trade statistics of Hong-Kong)
  • Exports from Korea to China: (0.873% of the world exports, $162 billion according to external trade statistics of Korea)
  • Exports from Mexico to USA: (1.85% of the world exports, $344 billion according to external trade statistics of Mexico)
  • Exports from Saudi Arabia to Areas, nes: (1.24% of the world exports, $231 billion according to external trade statistics of Saudi Arabia)
  • Exports from United Arab Emirates to Areas, nes: (1.15% of the world exports, $214 billion according to external trade statistics of United Arab Emirates)
  • Exports from USA to Canada: (1.61% of the world exports, $299 billion according to external trade statistics of USA)
  • Exports from USA to Mexico: (1.43% of the world exports, $265 billion according to external trade statistics of USA)

In 2018, the world merchandise imports exceeded $18.7 trillion (according to external trade statistics of 127 countries). It was $17.4 trillion in the previous year (according to merchandise trade statistics of 151 countries).

There are no trade data (2018) for such importers as Vietnam (1.22% of the world imports in 2017), Iran (0.295%), Algeria (0.264%), Sri Lanka (0.122%), Tunisia (0.118%), Dominican Republic (0.111%), Guatemala (0.105%), Sudan (0.058%), Nepal (0.057%), Honduras (0.049%), Jamaica (0.033%), Cameroon (0.029%), Congo (0.026%), Mali (0.024%)

Top importers of goods in 2018

The world's largest importers of commodities in 2018 were

  • USA - 13.9% of the world imports ($2.61 trillion)
  • China - 11.3% ($2.13 trillion)
  • Germany - 6.89% ($1.29 trillion)
  • Japan - 3.98% ($748 billion)
  • United Kingdom - 3.57% ($671 billion)
  • France - 3.51% ($659 billion)

According to statistics provided by the major importers, the largest flows of imports of «ALL COMMODITIES» in 2018 were

  • Imports to Canada from USA (1.25% of the world imports, $235 billion according to external trade statistics of Canada)
  • Imports to China from Japan (0.961% of the world imports, $180 billion according to external trade statistics of China)
  • Imports to China from Korea (1.09% of the world imports, $204 billion according to external trade statistics of China)
  • Imports to China from Other Asia, nes (0.945% of the world imports, $177 billion according to external trade statistics of China)
  • Imports to Hong-Kong from China (1.49% of the world imports, $280 billion according to external trade statistics of Hong-Kong)
  • Imports to Japan from China (0.925% of the world imports, $173 billion according to external trade statistics of Japan)
  • Imports to Mexico from USA (1.15% of the world imports, $216 billion according to external trade statistics of Mexico)
  • Imports to USA from Canada (1.73% of the world imports, $325 billion according to external trade statistics of USA)
  • Imports to USA from China (3% of the world imports, $563 billion according to external trade statistics of USA)
  • Imports to USA from Mexico (1.86% of the world imports, $349 billion according to external trade statistics of USA)

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Reporter TOTAL. ALL COMMODITIES
Exports Imports
2018 2018
Value (US$) World Rank World Share, % Value (US$) World Rank World Share, %
China 2 494 230 194 966 1 13.442 2 134 982 614 989 2 11.378
USA 1 665 302 936 591 2 8.974 2 611 432 490 157 1 13.917
Germany 1 562 546 821 071 3 8.421 1 292 832 708 898 3 6.89
Japan 738 201 192 214 4 3.978 748 217 608 150 4 3.987
Korea 604 807 317 420 5 3.259 535 183 373 387 8 2.852
Netherlands 585 622 815 047 6 3.156 521 452 416 789 9 2.779
Hong-Kong 569 105 739 731 7 3.067 627 327 030 842 7 3.343
France 568 535 879 844 8 3.064 659 374 522 338 6 3.514
Italy 549 906 995 682 9 2.963 503 581 133 885 11 2.683
United Kingdom 490 820 584 556 10 2.645 671 587 990 056 5 3.579
Belgium 468 643 264 452 11 2.525 454 713 800 856 14 2.423
Russia 451 494 828 173 12 2.433 240 225 755 863 22 1.28
Mexico 450 531 651 245 13 2.428 464 268 470 340 12 2.474
Canada 450 277 702 391 14 2.426 459 866 293 948 13 2.45
Singapore 411 743 293 747 15 2.219 370 503 520 526 16 1.974
United Arab Emirates 387 910 040 562 16 2.09 244 645 890 108 21 1.303
Other Asia, nes 335 743 566 738 17 1.809 286 194 740 458 17 1.525
Spain 328 527 654 075 18 1.77 376 185 085 923 15 2.004
India 322 492 099 897 19 1.738 507 615 733 027 10 2.705
Switzerland 310 524 275 089 20 1.673 278 665 555 576 18 1.485
Saudi Arabia 294 535 553 148 21 1.587 135 211 178 073 31 0.72
Poland 261 815 268 525 22 1.411 267 699 886 888 19 1.426
Australia 252 775 516 219 23 1.362 235 519 140 875 23 1.255
Thailand 252 485 154 115 24 1.36 249 173 519 017 20 1.327
Malaysia 247 323 665 356 25 1.332 217 358 263 559 25 1.158
Brazil 239 887 754 933 26 1.292 181 230 498 358 29 0.965
Czech Republic 202 521 577 709 27 1.091 184 924 023 432 27 0.985
Indonesia 180 215 034 437 28 0.971 188 711 171 618 26 1.005
Austria 176 991 970 620 29 0.953 184 195 200 603 28 0.981
Turkey 168 023 390 683 30 0.905 223 039 038 051 24 1.188
Ireland 167 017 887 791 31 0.9 106 931 073 268 34 0.569
Sweden 165 926 284 400 32 0.894 170 154 447 495 30 0.906
Hungary 123 957 885 048 33 0.668 117 381 592 676 32 0.625
Norway 122 636 310 493 34 0.66 87 440 059 696 40 0.466
Denmark 108 564 263 153 35 0.585 101 675 698 528 35 0.541
South Africa 93 569 804 061 36 0.504 92 578 515 722 39 0.493
Slovak Republic 93 443 738 159 37 0.503 92 928 603 861 38 0.495
Qatar 84 288 459 125 38 0.454 31 696 087 963 60 0.168
Romania 80 077 606 266 39 0.431 97 877 632 897 36 0.521
Chile 75 481 713 821 40 0.406 74 187 323 277 44 0.395
Finland 75 258 290 459 41 0.405 78 352 161 411 42 0.417
Portugal 74 135 905 807 42 0.399 95 629 298 715 37 0.509
Kuwait 71 941 444 555 43 0.387 35 866 655 317 58 0.191
Philippines 67 487 668 298 44 0.363 115 038 016 454 33 0.613
Nigeria 62 399 742 736 45 0.336 43 011 523 214 53 0.229
Israel 61 906 412 000 46 0.333 76 584 110 000 43 0.408
Argentina 61 558 357 420 47 0.331 65 440 966 165 45 0.348
Kazakhstan 61 109 053 214 48 0.329 33 658 429 453 59 0.179
Peru 47 894 102 577 49 0.258 43 123 394 684 52 0.229
Ukraine 47 334 679 853 50 0.255 57 187 093 429 48 0.304
Colombia 41 831 520 220 51 0.225 51 230 566 648 50 0.273
Oman 41 760 976 158 52 0.225 25 770 092 486 63 0.137
New Zealand 39 838 898 880 53 0.214 43 736 245 673 51 0.233
Greece 39 490 521 437 54 0.212 65 141 447 585 46 0.347
Angola 37 684 682 653 55 0.203 16 353 060 717 74 0.087
Slovenia 36 471 278 939 56 0.196 36 267 337 521 57 0.193
Bulgaria 33 787 143 989 57 0.182 37 927 842 259 55 0.202
Belarus 33 726 141 400 58 0.181 38 408 911 900 54 0.204
Lithuania 33 334 576 736 59 0.179 36 501 414 404 56 0.194
Egypt 29 383 961 546 60 0.158 80 992 321 738 41 0.431
Morocco 29 330 295 914 61 0.158 51 251 406 023 49 0.273
Pakistan 23 630 892 979 62 0.127 60 162 862 445 47 0.32
Ecuador 21 606 133 822 63 0.116 23 019 652 623 65 0.122
Azerbaijan 19 458 632 514 64 0.104 11 459 395 444 80 0.061
Serbia 19 239 126 973 65 0.103 25 882 635 269 62 0.137
Estonia 17 856 964 736 66 0.096 19 839 355 105 69 0.105
Croatia 17 210 469 290 67 0.092 28 113 089 203 61 0.149
Ghana 17 099 588 399 68 0.092 11 880 470 763 77 0.063
Myanmar 16 671 612 499 69 0.089 19 345 459 571 70 0.103
Luxembourg 15 148 367 371 70 0.081 23 118 820 384 64 0.123
Latvia 15 032 702 015 71 0.081 18 613 315 167 71 0.099
Bahrain 14 347 737 494 72 0.077 20 597 535 923 66 0.109
Côte d`Ivoire 11 821 310 754 73 0.063 10 970 725 433 81 0.058
Costa Rica 11 251 781 448 74 0.06 16 563 019 255 73 0.088
Bolivia 9 064 737 435 75 0.048 10 044 646 994 83 0.053
Zambia 9 052 164 774 76 0.048 9 461 739 088 84 0.05
Paraguay 9 042 469 470 77 0.048 13 336 020 989 76 0.071
Jordan 7 750 262 862 78 0.041 20 309 900 969 67 0.108
Uruguay 7 498 004 935 79 0.04 8 893 245 997 87 0.047
Namibia 7 488 296 000 80 0.04 8 288 940 141 89 0.044
Bosnia and Herzegovina 7 182 096 317 81 0.038 11 629 555 025 79 0.061
Mongolia 7 011 757 684 82 0.037 5 874 787 944 100 0.031
Macedonia 6 906 336 855 83 0.037 9 051 677 474 86 0.048
Brunei 6 573 636 942 84 0.035 4 164 052 430 105 0.022
Botswana 6 573 000 891 85 0.035 6 168 953 942 98 0.032
Kenya 6 050 420 682 86 0.032 17 376 721 272 72 0.092
El Salvador 5 904 475 115 87 0.031 11 725 809 686 78 0.062
Iceland 5 561 475 841 88 0.029 7 686 033 358 91 0.04
Mozambique 5 195 579 533 89 0.028 6 785 547 384 94 0.036
Cyprus 5 065 369 407 90 0.027 10 812 572 215 82 0.057
Nicaragua 5 013 907 569 91 0.027 7 351 000 180 92 0.039
Zimbabwe 4 037 202 669 92 0.021 6 258 856 188 97 0.033
Malta 3 868 514 079 93 0.02 7 204 023 522 93 0.038
Tanzania 3 669 212 438 94 0.019 8 553 677 024 88 0.045
Senegal 3 623 242 949 95 0.019 8 071 410 856 90 0.043
Georgia 3 354 491 015 96 0.018 9 123 096 931 85 0.048
Madagascar 3 133 017 751 97 0.016 4 081 653 524 106 0.021
Uganda 3 087 363 576 98 0.016 6 729 436 499 95 0.035
Lebanon 2 952 759 932 99 0.015 19 982 944 051 68 0.106
Albania 2 875 859 778 100 0.015 5 941 286 949 99 0.031
Moldova 2 706 818 216 101 0.014 5 764 281 783 101 0.03
Armenia 2 383 413 799 102 0.012 4 849 934 597 104 0.025
Mauritius 1 987 672 862 103 0.01 5 669 326 922 102 0.03
Kyrgyz Republic 1 835 179 371 104 0.009 5 291 945 776 103 0.028
Afghanistan 1 769 008 992 105 0.009 14 813 180 649 75 0.078
Suriname 1 502 817 149 106 0.008 1 526 897 522 114 0.008
Guyana 1 487 342 206 107 0.008 3 997 940 041 107 0.021
State of Palestine 1 155 634 049 108 0.006 6 539 589 522 96 0.034
Fiji 1 041 040 355 109 0.005 2 719 590 986 111 0.014
Benin 952 223 706 110 0.005 3 278 030 278 108 0.017
Seychelles 846 972 441 111 0.004 1 136 551 339 116 0.006
Greenland 640 897 343 112 0.003 829 150 195 119 0.004
Solomon Islands 569 112 008 113 0.003 601 388 529 122 0.003
Montenegro 465 997 357 114 0.002 3 002 864 021 109 0.016
Barbados 457 709 750 115 0.002 1 599 911 169 113 0.008
Belize 240 911 158 116 0.001 957 739 411 118 0.005
Maldives 181 711 401 117 0 2 961 026 844 110 0.015
Burundi 169 071 156 118 0 793 512 239 121 0.004
Andorra 129 448 151 119 0 1 609 394 249 112 0.008
Cabo Verde 75 270 566 120 0 814 604 296 120 0.004
Aruba 69 762 736 121 0 1 257 869 571 115 0.006
Samoa 46 101 305 122 0 362 883 715 124 0.001
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 43 665 885 123 0 353 627 074 125 0.001
Antigua and Barbuda 25 841 081 124 0 569 155 190 123 0.003
Bermuda 22 912 424 125 0 1 070 009 014 117 0.005
São Tomé and Principe 12 087 302 126 0 148 305 957 127 0
Palau 8 620 908 127 0 154 412 826 126 0