Annual International Trade Statistics by Country (HS02)
Publication date: 2021-04-05
Reporting period: 2002 - 2020
Timeseries: 177 million
Source:UN Comtrade
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Ethiopia | Imports and Exports | World | ALL COMMODITIES | Value (US$) and Value Growth, YoY (%) | 2006 - 2017

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Commodity Reporter Partner Trade flow Indicator 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
TOTAL. ALL COMMODITIES Ethiopia World Exports Value (US$) 1 042 962 581.00 1 277 145 366.00 1 601 834 501.00 1 618 165 976.00 2 329 792 821.00 2 614 891 726.00 2 891 346 548.00 4 076 943 557.00 5 666 889 413.00 5 027 546 076.00 1 988 502 929.00 2 305 900 977.00
Value Growth, YoY (%) 12.606 22.453 25.423 1.019 43.977 12.237 10.572 41.005 38.998 -11.282 -60.447 15.961
Imports Value (US$) 5 207 320 202.00 5 808 649 615.00 8 680 325 967.00 7 973 879 979.00 8 601 769 230.00 8 896 288 284.00 11 912 931 800.00 14 899 146 948.00 21 914 373 645.00 25 815 264 212.00 17 451 145 266.00 15 758 882 146.00
Value Growth, YoY (%) 27.169 11.547 49.437 -8.138 7.874 3.423 33.909 25.067 47.084 17.80 -32.399 -9.697

The value of merchandise exports from Ethiopia totalled $ 2.3 billion in 2017. Merchandise exports from Ethiopia increased by 15.9% compared to 2016. Goods exports grew up by $ 317 million in 2017 (the value of merchandise exports from Ethiopia amounted to $1.98 billion in 2016)

Ethiopia's exports 2017 by country

Top export destinations of commodities from Ethiopia in 2017:

  • China with a share of 12.5% (288 million US$)
  • USA with a share of 9.56% (220 million US$)
  • Saudi Arabia with a share of 7.92% (182 million US$)
  • Germany with a share of 5.86% (135 million US$)
  • United Arab Emirates with a share of 5.43% (125 million US$)
  • Switzerland with a share of 5.11% (117 million US$)
  • Djibouti with a share of 3.56% (82 million US$)
  • Israel with a share of 3.51% (81 million US$)
  • Japan with a share of 2.94% (67 million US$)
  • Vietnam with a share of 2.89% (66 million US$)

Exports structure from Ethiopia in 2017 represented by the following main commodity groups:

  • 35% (808 million US$): 09 - Coffee, tea, matT and spices
  • 18.7% (433 million US$): 12 - Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder
  • 11.3% (261 million US$): 07 - Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers
  • 5.6% (129 million US$): 71 - Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones, precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin
  • 4.33% (99 million US$): 02 - Meat and edible meat offal
  • 3.34% (77 million US$): 41 - Raw hides and skins (other than fur skins) and leather
  • 3.21% (74 million US$): 85 - Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles
  • 2.99% (69 million US$): 84 - Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof
  • 2.03% (46 million US$): 64 - Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles
  • 1.84% (42 million US$): 61 - Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted

What did Ethiopia export in 2017?

Ethiopia's Top Exports in 2017:

  • 33% ($782 million): 0901 - Coffee, whether or not roasted or decaffeinated; coffee husks and skins; coffee substitutes containing coffee in any proportion.
  • 17.5% ($405 million): 1207 - Other oil seeds and oleaginous fruits, whether or not broken.
  • 10.2% ($235 million): 0713 - Dried leguminous vegetables, shelled, whether or not skinned or split.
  • 4.95% ($114 million): 7108 - Gold (including gold plated with platinum) unwrought or in semi-manufactured forms, or in powder form.
  • 3.94% ($91 million): 0204 - Meat of sheep or goats, fresh, chilled or frozen.
  • 2.48% ($57 million): 8525 - Transmission apparatus for radio-telephony, radio-telegraphy, radio-broadcasting or television, whether or not incorporating reception apparatus or sound recording or reproducing apparatus; television cameras; still image video cameras and other video camera recorders; digital cameras.
  • 1.71% ($39 million): 6405 - Other footwear.
  • 1.7% ($39 million): 4113 - Leather further prepared after tanning or crusting, including parchment-dressed leather, of other animals, without wool or hair on, whether or not split, other than leather of heading 41.14.
  • 1.69% ($39 million): 8429 - Self-propelled bulldozers, angledozers, graders, levellers, scrapers, mechanical shovels, excavators, shovel loaders, tamping machines and road rollers.
  • 1.54% ($35 million): 4112 - Leather further prepared after tanning or crusting, including parchment-dressed leather, of sheep or lamb, without wool on, whether or not split, other than leather of heading 41.14.

The value of merchandise imports to Ethiopia totalled $ 15.7 billion in 2017. Overall commodity imports to Ethiopia decreased by 9.69% compared to 2016. Merchandise imports decreased by $ 1.69 billion (the value of merchandise imports to Ethiopia was equal to $17.4 billion in 2016)

Ethiopia's imports 2017 by country

Top trading partners (import sources) of Ethiopia in 2017:

  • China with a share of 32% (5.11 billion US$)
  • USA with a share of 7.99% (1.26 billion US$)
  • India with a share of 7.18% (1.13 billion US$)
  • Kuwait with a share of 5.64% (889 million US$)
  • Italy with a share of 4.72% (744 million US$)
  • Japan with a share of 4.59% (723 million US$)
  • Turkey with a share of 3.88% (611 million US$)
  • Saudi Arabia with a share of 2.92% (461 million US$)
  • Malaysia with a share of 2.2% (346 million US$)
  • Morocco with a share of 1.85% (292 million US$)

Imports structure to Ethiopia in 2017 represented by the following main commodity groups:

  • 17.7% (2.79 billion US$): 84 - Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof
  • 9.98% (1.57 billion US$): 27 - Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes
  • 9.33% (1.47 billion US$): 87 - Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof
  • 8.77% (1.38 billion US$): 85 - Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles
  • 5.18% (817 million US$): 72 - Iron and steel
  • 4.47% (705 million US$): 10 - Cereals
  • 4.18% (660 million US$): 39 - Plastics and articles thereof
  • 3.7% (584 million US$): 73 - Articles of iron or steel
  • 3.54% (559 million US$): 15 - Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes
  • 3.46% (545 million US$): 30 - Pharmaceutical products

What did Ethiopia import in 2017?

Ethiopia's Top Imports in 2017:

  • 8.79% ($1.38 billion): 2710 - Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, other than crude; preparations not elsewhere specified or included, containing by weight 70 % or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparations; waste oils.
  • 4.44% ($701 million): 8704 - Motor vehicles for the transport of goods.
  • 2.95% ($465 million): 3004 - Medicaments (excluding goods of heading 30.02, 30.05 or 30.06) consisting of mixed or unmixed products for therapeutic or prophylactic uses, put up in measured doses (including those in the form of transdermal administration systems) or in forms or packings for retail sale.
  • 2.82% ($445 million): 1511 - Palm oil and its fractions, whether or not refined, but not chemically modified.
  • 2.31% ($365 million): 8703 - Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons (other than those of heading 87.02), including station wagons and racing cars.
  • 2.3% ($362 million): 8407 - Spark-ignition reciprocating or rotary internal combustion piston engines.
  • 2.08% ($328 million): 1001 - Wheat and meslin.
  • 1.94% ($306 million): 3105 - Mineral or chemical fertilisers containing two or three of the fertilising elements nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium; other fertilisers; goods of this Chapter in tablets or similar forms or in packages of a gross weight not exceeding 10 kg.
  • 1.7% ($268 million): 8411 - Turbo-jets, turbo-propellers and other gas turbines.
  • 1.59% ($250 million): 7308 - Structures (excluding prefabricated buildings of heading 94.06) and parts of structures (for example, bridges and bridge?sections, lock?gates, towers, lattice masts, roofs, roofing frame?works, doors and windows and their frames and thresholds for doors, shutters, balustrades, pillars and columns), of iron or steel; plates, rods, angles, shapes, sections, tubes and the like, prepared for use in structures, of iron or steel.

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Ethiopia | Imports and Exports | World | ALL COMMODITIES | Value (US$) and Value Growth, YoY (%) | 2006 - 2017