Annual International Trade Statistics by Country
Publication date: 2020-02-10
Reporting period: 2002 - 2018
Timeseries: 173 million
Source:UN Comtrade
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Ethiopia | Imports and Exports | World | ALL COMMODITIES | Netweight (kg); Quantity and Value (US$) | 2007 - 2018

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Commodity Reporter Partner Trade flow Indicator 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
TOTAL. ALL COMMODITIES Ethiopia World Exports Value (US$) 1 277 145 366.00 1 601 834 501.00 1 618 165 976.00 2 329 792 821.00 2 614 891 726.00 2 891 346 548.00 4 076 943 557.00 5 666 889 413.00 5 027 546 076.00 1 723 892 053.00 2 287 994 541.00 1 548 554 591.00
Imports Value (US$) 5 808 649 615.00 8 680 325 967.00 7 973 879 979.00 8 601 769 230.00 8 896 288 284.00 11 912 931 800.00 14 899 146 948.00 21 914 373 645.00 25 815 264 212.00 19 120 743 254.00 15 758 882 146.00 14 985 595 756.00

The value of merchandise exports from Ethiopia totalled $ 1.54 billion in 2018. Overall commodity exports from Ethiopia decreased by 32% compared to 2017. Merchandise exports decreased by $ 739 million (the value of merchandise exports from Ethiopia amounted to $2.28 billion in 2017)

Ethiopia's exports 2018 by country

Top export destinations of commodities from Ethiopia in 2018:

  • China with a share of 8.94% (138 million US$)
  • Saudi Arabia with a share of 8.88% (137 million US$)
  • USA with a share of 7.84% (121 million US$)
  • United Arab Emirates with a share of 7.25% (112 million US$)
  • Israel with a share of 5.91% (91 million US$)
  • Djibouti with a share of 4.63% (71 million US$)
  • Somalia with a share of 4.14% (64 million US$)
  • Vietnam with a share of 4.02% (62 million US$)
  • Germany with a share of 3.85% (59 million US$)
  • Japan with a share of 3.32% (51 million US$)

Exports structure from Ethiopia in 2018 represented by the following main commodity groups:

  • 25% (391 million US$): 09 - Coffee, tea, matT and spices
  • 21% (327 million US$): 12 - Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder
  • 18.2% (282 million US$): 07 - Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers
  • 6.57% (101 million US$): 02 - Meat and edible meat offal
  • 3.25% (50 million US$): 41 - Raw hides and skins (other than fur skins) and leather
  • 3.03% (46 million US$): 71 - Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones, precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin
  • 2.7% (41 million US$): 86 - Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signaling equipment of all kinds
  • 2.64% (40 million US$): 84 - Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof
  • 2.48% (38 million US$): 85 - Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles
  • 1.79% (27 million US$): 62 - Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted

What did Ethiopia export in 2018?

Ethiopia's Top Exports in 2018:

  • 24% ($376 million): 0901 - Coffee, whether or not roasted or decaffeinated; coffee husks and skins; coffee substitutes containing coffee in any proportion.
  • 19.2% ($298 million): 1207 - Other oil seeds and oleaginous fruits, whether or not broken.
  • 12.1% ($187 million): 0713 - Dried leguminous vegetables, shelled, whether or not skinned or split.
  • 5.81% ($90 million): 0204 - Meat of sheep or goats, fresh, chilled or frozen.
  • 4.1% ($63 million): 0709 - Other vegetables, fresh or chilled.
  • 2.55% ($39 million): 7108 - Gold (including gold plated with platinum) unwrought or in semi-manufactured forms, or in powder form.
  • 2.23% ($34 million): 8525 - Transmission apparatus for radio-telephony, radio-telegraphy, radio-broadcasting or television, whether or not incorporating reception apparatus or sound recording or reproducing apparatus; television cameras; still image video cameras and other video camera recorders; digital cameras.
  • 2.1% ($32 million): 4112 - Leather further prepared after tanning or crusting, including parchment-dressed leather, of sheep or lamb, without wool on, whether or not split, other than leather of heading 41.14.
  • 1.69% ($26 million): 8604 - Railway or tramway maintenance or service vehicles, whether or not self-propelled (for example, workshops, cranes, ballast tampers, trackliners, testing coaches and track inspection vehicles).
  • 1.58% ($24 million): 1201 - Soya beans, whether or not broken.

The value of merchandise imports to Ethiopia totalled $ 14.9 billion in 2018. Overall commodity imports to Ethiopia decreased by 4.9% compared to 2017. Merchandise imports decreased by $ 773 million (the value of merchandise imports to Ethiopia was equal to $15.7 billion in 2017)

Ethiopia's imports 2018 by country

Top trading partners (import sources) of Ethiopia in 2018:

  • China with a share of 28% (4.23 billion US$)
  • USA with a share of 10.6% (1.6 billion US$)
  • India with a share of 8.58% (1.28 billion US$)
  • Kuwait with a share of 7.15% (1.07 billion US$)
  • Turkey with a share of 4.26% (639 million US$)
  • Japan with a share of 3.28% (492 million US$)
  • United Arab Emirates with a share of 2.83% (425 million US$)
  • Italy with a share of 2.73% (409 million US$)
  • Malaysia with a share of 2.45% (367 million US$)
  • Germany with a share of 2.12% (318 million US$)

Imports structure to Ethiopia in 2018 represented by the following main commodity groups:

  • 15.5% (2.32 billion US$): 84 - Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof
  • 9.96% (1.49 billion US$): 27 - Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes
  • 7.88% (1.18 billion US$): 85 - Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles
  • 5.83% (874 million US$): 87 - Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof
  • 5.66% (848 million US$): 88 - Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof
  • 5.36% (803 million US$): 72 - Iron and steel
  • 5.25% (788 million US$): 10 - Cereals
  • 4.6% (690 million US$): 30 - Pharmaceutical products
  • 4.06% (608 million US$): 15 - Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes
  • 3.94% (591 million US$): 39 - Plastics and articles thereof

What did Ethiopia import in 2018?

Ethiopia's Top Imports in 2018:

  • 8.35% ($1.25 billion): 2710 - Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, other than crude; preparations not elsewhere specified or included, containing by weight 70 % or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparations; waste oils.
  • 5.22% ($782 million): 8802 - Other aircraft (for example, helicopters, aeroplanes); spacecraft (including satellites) and suborbital and spacecraft launch vehicles.
  • 3.99% ($599 million): 3004 - Medicaments (excluding goods of heading 30.02, 30.05 or 30.06) consisting of mixed or unmixed products for therapeutic or prophylactic uses, put up in measured doses (including those in the form of transdermal administration systems) or in forms or packings for retail sale.
  • 3.3% ($494 million): 1511 - Palm oil and its fractions, whether or not refined, but not chemically modified.
  • 2.65% ($397 million): 1001 - Wheat and meslin.
  • 2.19% ($329 million): 8703 - Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons (other than those of heading 87.02), including station wagons and racing cars.
  • 2.17% ($325 million): 1701 - Cane or beet sugar and chemically pure sucrose, in solid form.
  • 1.98% ($296 million): 8704 - Motor vehicles for the transport of goods.
  • 1.88% ($281 million): 8407 - Spark-ignition reciprocating or rotary internal combustion piston engines.
  • 1.79% ($268 million): 1006 - Rice.

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Ethiopia | Imports and Exports | World | ALL COMMODITIES | Netweight (kg); Quantity and Value (US$) | 2007 - 2018