Annual International Trade Statistics by Country (HS02)
Publication date: 2021-08-09
Reporting period: 2002 - 2020
Timeseries: 177 million
Source:UN Comtrade
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European Union | Imports and Exports | World | ALL COMMODITIES | Value (US$) and Value Growth, YoY (%) | 2009 - 2020

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Commodity Reporter Partner Trade flow Indicator 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
TOTAL. ALL COMMODITIES European Union World Exports Value (US$) 1 600 133 814 196.00 1 795 774 424 806.00 2 241 192 688 433.00 2 251 606 250 915.00 2 326 341 845 192.00 2 339 708 921 132.00 1 983 791 217 559.00 1 930 052 583 288.00 2 120 739 381 137.00 2 308 895 591 855.00 2 279 521 294 453.00 2 193 093 341 056.00
Value Growth, YoY (%) -17.029 12.226 24.803 0.464 3.319 0.574 -15.212 -2.708 9.879 8.872 -1.272 -3.791
Imports Value (US$) 1 757 279 442 788.00 2 026 943 785 388.00 2 443 310 524 064.00 2 354 197 805 119.00 2 243 426 625 992.00 2 281 341 879 625.00 1 918 103 657 621.00 1 886 842 164 620.00 2 090 461 545 334.00 2 340 103 454 129.00 2 301 483 912 303.00 1 960 747 200 931.00
Value Growth, YoY (%) -23.092 15.345 20.541 -3.647 -4.705 1.69 -15.922 -1.629 10.791 11.941 -1.65 -14.805

The value of merchandise exports from European Union totalled $ 2.19 trillion in 2020. Overall commodity exports from European Union decreased by 3.79% compared to 2019. Merchandise exports decreased by $ 86 billion (the value of merchandise exports from European Union amounted to $2.27 trillion in 2019)

European Union's exports 2020 by country

Top export destinations of commodities from European Union in 2020:

  • USA with a share of 18.2% (400 billion US$)
  • United Kingdom with a share of 13% (285 billion US$)
  • China with a share of 10.5% (230 billion US$)
  • Switzerland with a share of 7.44% (163 billion US$)
  • Russia with a share of 4.09% (89 billion US$)
  • Turkey with a share of 3.65% (80 billion US$)
  • Japan with a share of 2.76% (60 billion US$)
  • Norway with a share of 2.5% (54 billion US$)
  • Korea with a share of 2.34% (51 billion US$)
  • Canada with a share of 1.73% (38 billion US$)

Exports structure from European Union in 2020 represented by the following main commodity groups:

  • 15.5% (340 billion US$): 84 - Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof
  • 10.6% (233 billion US$): 30 - Pharmaceutical products
  • 10.4% (228 billion US$): 87 - Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof
  • 9% (197 billion US$): 85 - Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles
  • 5.66% (124 billion US$): 90 - Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof
  • 3.33% (73 billion US$): 27 - Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes
  • 3.27% (71 billion US$): 39 - Plastics and articles thereof
  • 2.97% (65 billion US$): 29 - Organic chemicals
  • 2.36% (51 billion US$): 71 - Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones, precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin
  • 2.34% (51 billion US$): 88 - Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof

What did European Union export in 2020?

European Union's Top Exports in 2020:

  • 6.5% ($142 billion): 3004 - Medicaments (excluding goods of heading 30.02, 30.05 or 30.06) consisting of mixed or unmixed products for therapeutic or prophylactic uses, put up in measured doses (including those in the form of transdermal administration systems) or in forms or packings for retail sale.
  • 6.24% ($137 billion): 8703 - Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons (other than those of heading 87.02), including station wagons and racing cars.
  • 3.62% ($79 billion): 3002 - Human blood; animal blood prepared for therapeutic, prophylactic or diagnostic uses; antisera and other blood fractions and modified immunological products, whether or not obtained by means of biotechnological processes; vaccines, toxins, cultures of micro-organisms (excluding yeasts) and similar products.
  • 2.47% ($54 billion): 2710 - Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, other than crude; preparations not elsewhere specified or included, containing by weight 70 % or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparations; waste oils.
  • 2.27% ($49 billion): 8708 - Parts and accessories of the motor vehicles of headings 87.01 to 87.05.
  • 1.66% ($36 billion): 8802 - Other aircraft (for example, helicopters, aeroplanes); spacecraft (including satellites) and suborbital and spacecraft launch vehicles.
  • 1.3% ($28 billion): 9018 - Instruments and appliances used in medical, surgical, dental or veterinary sciences, including scintigraphic apparatus, other electro-medical apparatus and sight-testing instruments.
  • 1.3% ($28 billion): 8411 - Turbo-jets, turbo-propellers and other gas turbines.
  • 1.28% ($28 billion): 8471 - Automatic data processing machines and units thereof; magnetic or optical readers, machines for transcribing data onto data media in coded form and machines for processing such data, not elsewhere specified or included.

The value of merchandise imports to European Union totalled $ 1.96 trillion in 2020. Overall commodity imports to European Union decreased by 14.8% compared to 2019. Merchandise imports decreased by $ 340 billion (the value of merchandise imports to European Union was equal to $2.3 trillion in 2019)

European Union's imports 2020 by country

Top trading partners (import sources) of European Union in 2020:

  • China with a share of 22% (442 billion US$)
  • USA with a share of 12% (235 billion US$)
  • United Kingdom with a share of 8.68% (170 billion US$)
  • Switzerland with a share of 6.39% (125 billion US$)
  • Russia with a share of 5.11% (100 billion US$)
  • Turkey with a share of 3.68% (72 billion US$)
  • Japan with a share of 3.25% (63 billion US$)
  • Korea with a share of 2.58% (50 billion US$)
  • Norway with a share of 2.15% (42 billion US$)
  • Vietnam with a share of 2.01% (39 billion US$)

Imports structure to European Union in 2020 represented by the following main commodity groups:

  • 13.9% (272 billion US$): 85 - Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles
  • 13% (255 billion US$): 27 - Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes
  • 12.6% (247 billion US$): 84 - Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof
  • 5.47% (107 billion US$): 87 - Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof
  • 4.77% (93 billion US$): 30 - Pharmaceutical products
  • 4% (78 billion US$): 90 - Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof
  • 3.52% (69 billion US$): 29 - Organic chemicals
  • 2.79% (54 billion US$): 71 - Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones, precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin
  • 2.62% (51 billion US$): 39 - Plastics and articles thereof
  • 2.06% (40 billion US$): 62 - Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted

What did European Union import in 2020?

European Union's Top Imports in 2020:

  • 7.36% ($144 billion): 2709 - Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, crude.
  • 4.04% ($79 billion): 8525 - Transmission apparatus for radio-telephony, radio-telegraphy, radio-broadcasting or television, whether or not incorporating reception apparatus or sound recording or reproducing apparatus; television cameras; still image video cameras and other video camera recorders; digital cameras.
  • 3.72% ($73 billion): 8471 - Automatic data processing machines and units thereof; magnetic or optical readers, machines for transcribing data onto data media in coded form and machines for processing such data, not elsewhere specified or included.
  • 2.94% ($57 billion): 8703 - Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons (other than those of heading 87.02), including station wagons and racing cars.
  • 2.41% ($47 billion): 3004 - Medicaments (excluding goods of heading 30.02, 30.05 or 30.06) consisting of mixed or unmixed products for therapeutic or prophylactic uses, put up in measured doses (including those in the form of transdermal administration systems) or in forms or packings for retail sale.
  • 2.28% ($44 billion): 2710 - Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, other than crude; preparations not elsewhere specified or included, containing by weight 70 % or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparations; waste oils.
  • 1.87% ($36 billion): 3002 - Human blood; animal blood prepared for therapeutic, prophylactic or diagnostic uses; antisera and other blood fractions and modified immunological products, whether or not obtained by means of biotechnological processes; vaccines, toxins, cultures of micro-organisms (excluding yeasts) and similar products.
  • 1.66% ($32 billion): 8542 - Electronic integrated circuits and microassemblies.
  • 1.66% ($32 billion): 2711 - Petroleum gases and other gaseous hydrocarbons.

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European Union | Imports and Exports | World | ALL COMMODITIES | Value (US$) and Value Growth, YoY (%) | 2009 - 2020