Annual International Trade Statistics by Country (HS02)
Publication date: 2021-08-09
Reporting period: 2002 - 2020
Timeseries: 177 million
Source:UN Comtrade
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Germany | Imports and Exports | World | ALL COMMODITIES | Value (US$) and Value Growth, YoY (%) | 2009 - 2020

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Commodity Reporter Partner Trade flow Indicator 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
TOTAL. ALL COMMODITIES Germany World Exports Value (US$) 1 127 839 933 000.00 1 271 096 328 740.00 1 482 202 274 324.00 1 410 129 632 976.00 1 450 950 921 369.00 1 498 157 777 815.00 1 328 549 134 465.00 1 337 236 557 704.00 1 446 642 435 221.00 1 562 418 816 337.00 1 493 266 563 850.00 1 382 851 188 650.00
Value Growth, YoY (%) -23.074 12.701 16.608 -4.862 2.894 3.253 -11.321 0.653 8.181 8.003 -4.425 -7.394
Imports Value (US$) 938 363 080 000.00 1 066 816 751 876.00 1 260 297 536 716.00 1 161 213 213 460.00 1 187 314 563 884.00 1 214 955 667 361.00 1 057 616 385 859.00 1 060 882 070 132.00 1 167 753 355 161.00 1 292 726 052 270.00 1 239 897 203 131.00 1 171 421 469 426.00
Value Growth, YoY (%) -22.076 13.689 18.136 -7.861 2.247 2.328 -12.95 0.308 10.073 10.701 -4.086 -5.522

The value of merchandise exports from Germany totalled $ 1.38 trillion in 2020. Overall commodity exports from Germany decreased by 7.39% compared to 2019. Merchandise exports decreased by $ 110 billion (the value of merchandise exports from Germany amounted to $1.49 trillion in 2019)

Germany's exports 2020 by country

Top export destinations of commodities from Germany in 2020:

  • USA with a share of 8.64% (119 billion US$)
  • China with a share of 7.97% (110 billion US$)
  • France with a share of 7.5% (103 billion US$)
  • Netherlands with a share of 6.44% (89 billion US$)
  • United Kingdom with a share of 5.51% (76 billion US$)
  • Poland with a share of 5.33% (73 billion US$)
  • Italy with a share of 4.99% (69 billion US$)
  • Austria with a share of 4.81% (66 billion US$)
  • Switzerland with a share of 4.78% (66 billion US$)
  • Belgium with a share of 3.56% (49 billion US$)

Exports structure from Germany in 2020 represented by the following main commodity groups:

  • 16.8% (233 billion US$): 84 - Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof
  • 15.2% (210 billion US$): 87 - Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof
  • 10.7% (148 billion US$): 85 - Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles
  • 7.07% (97 billion US$): 30 - Pharmaceutical products
  • 5.45% (75 billion US$): 90 - Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof
  • 4.25% (58 billion US$): 39 - Plastics and articles thereof
  • 2.88% (39 billion US$): 99 - Commodities not specified according to kind
  • 2.04% (28 billion US$): 73 - Articles of iron or steel
  • 2.02% (28 billion US$): 88 - Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof
  • 1.95% (27 billion US$): 38 - Miscellaneous chemical products

What did Germany export in 2020?

Germany's Top Exports in 2020:

  • 8.82% ($122 billion): 8703 - Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons (other than those of heading 87.02), including station wagons and racing cars.
  • 4.36% ($60 billion): 3004 - Medicaments (excluding goods of heading 30.02, 30.05 or 30.06) consisting of mixed or unmixed products for therapeutic or prophylactic uses, put up in measured doses (including those in the form of transdermal administration systems) or in forms or packings for retail sale.
  • 3.91% ($54 billion): 8708 - Parts and accessories of the motor vehicles of headings 87.01 to 87.05.
  • 2.38% ($32 billion): 3002 - Human blood; animal blood prepared for therapeutic, prophylactic or diagnostic uses; antisera and other blood fractions and modified immunological products, whether or not obtained by means of biotechnological processes; vaccines, toxins, cultures of micro-organisms (excluding yeasts) and similar products.
  • 1.48% ($20 billion): 8802 - Other aircraft (for example, helicopters, aeroplanes); spacecraft (including satellites) and suborbital and spacecraft launch vehicles.
  • 1.37% ($19 billion): 8471 - Automatic data processing machines and units thereof; magnetic or optical readers, machines for transcribing data onto data media in coded form and machines for processing such data, not elsewhere specified or included.
  • 1.3% ($18 billion): 8479 - Machines and mechanical appliances having individual functions, not specified or included elsewhere in this Chapter.
  • 1.2% ($16.6 billion): 9018 - Instruments and appliances used in medical, surgical, dental or veterinary sciences, including scintigraphic apparatus, other electro-medical apparatus and sight-testing instruments.
  • 1.05% ($14.5 billion): 8525 - Transmission apparatus for radio-telephony, radio-telegraphy, radio-broadcasting or television, whether or not incorporating reception apparatus or sound recording or reproducing apparatus; television cameras; still image video cameras and other video camera recorders; digital cameras.

The value of merchandise imports to Germany totalled $ 1.17 trillion in 2020. Overall commodity imports to Germany decreased by 5.52% compared to 2019. Merchandise imports decreased by $ 68 billion (the value of merchandise imports to Germany was equal to $1.23 trillion in 2019)

Germany's imports 2020 by country

Top trading partners (import sources) of Germany in 2020:

  • China with a share of 11.4% (133 billion US$)
  • Netherlands with a share of 7.69% (90 billion US$)
  • USA with a share of 6.69% (78 billion US$)
  • Poland with a share of 5.67% (66 billion US$)
  • France with a share of 5.51% (64 billion US$)
  • Italy with a share of 5.24% (61 billion US$)
  • Switzerland with a share of 4.57% (53 billion US$)
  • Czech Republic with a share of 4.23% (49 billion US$)
  • Austria with a share of 3.74% (43 billion US$)
  • Belgium with a share of 3.35% (39 billion US$)

Imports structure to Germany in 2020 represented by the following main commodity groups:

  • 12.4% (145 billion US$): 84 - Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof
  • 12% (140 billion US$): 85 - Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles
  • 10.4% (122 billion US$): 87 - Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof
  • 6.69% (78 billion US$): 27 - Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes
  • 5.55% (65 billion US$): 30 - Pharmaceutical products
  • 3.69% (43 billion US$): 90 - Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof
  • 3.61% (42 billion US$): 39 - Plastics and articles thereof
  • 3.24% (38 billion US$): 29 - Organic chemicals
  • 2.5% (29 billion US$): 99 - Commodities not specified according to kind
  • 2.21% (25 billion US$): 71 - Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones, precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin

What did Germany import in 2020?

Germany's Top Imports in 2020:

  • 5.52% ($64 billion): 8703 - Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons (other than those of heading 87.02), including station wagons and racing cars.
  • 2.89% ($33 billion): 3004 - Medicaments (excluding goods of heading 30.02, 30.05 or 30.06) consisting of mixed or unmixed products for therapeutic or prophylactic uses, put up in measured doses (including those in the form of transdermal administration systems) or in forms or packings for retail sale.
  • 2.83% ($33 billion): 8708 - Parts and accessories of the motor vehicles of headings 87.01 to 87.05.
  • 2.74% ($32 billion): 8471 - Automatic data processing machines and units thereof; magnetic or optical readers, machines for transcribing data onto data media in coded form and machines for processing such data, not elsewhere specified or included.
  • 2.42% ($28 billion): 3002 - Human blood; animal blood prepared for therapeutic, prophylactic or diagnostic uses; antisera and other blood fractions and modified immunological products, whether or not obtained by means of biotechnological processes; vaccines, toxins, cultures of micro-organisms (excluding yeasts) and similar products.
  • 2.34% ($27 billion): 2709 - Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, crude.
  • 2.18% ($25 billion): 8525 - Transmission apparatus for radio-telephony, radio-telegraphy, radio-broadcasting or television, whether or not incorporating reception apparatus or sound recording or reproducing apparatus; television cameras; still image video cameras and other video camera recorders; digital cameras.
  • 2.06% ($24 billion): 2711 - Petroleum gases and other gaseous hydrocarbons.
  • 1.4% ($16.4 billion): 2933 - Heterocyclic compounds with nitrogen hetero-atom(s) only.

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Germany | Imports and Exports | World | ALL COMMODITIES | Value (US$) and Value Growth, YoY (%) | 2009 - 2020