Annual International Trade Statistics
Publication date: 2019-05-19
Reporting period: 2002 - 2018
Timeseries: 164 million
Source:UN Comtrade
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Germany | Imports and Exports | World | ALL COMMODITIES | Netweight (kg); Quantity and Value (US$) | 2007 - 2018

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Commodities Reporter Partner Trade flow Indicator 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
TOTAL. ALL COMMODITIES Germany World Exports Value (US$) 1 328 841 354 000.00 1 466 137 413 000.00 1 127 839 933 000.00 1 271 096 328 740.00 1 482 202 274 324.00 1 410 129 632 976.00 1 450 950 921 369.00 1 498 157 777 815.00 1 328 549 134 465.00 1 340 752 046 170.00 1 450 310 649 215.00 1 562 546 821 071.00
Imports Value (US$) 1 059 307 813 000.00 1 204 209 307 000.00 938 363 080 000.00 1 066 816 751 876.00 1 260 297 536 716.00 1 161 213 213 460.00 1 187 314 563 884.00 1 214 955 667 361.00 1 057 616 385 859.00 1 060 672 017 229.00 1 169 605 906 009.00 1 292 832 708 898.00

The value of total merchandise exports from Germany totalled $ 1.56 trillion in 2018. Merchandise exports from Germany increased by 7.73% compared to 2017. Goods exports grew up by $ 112 billion in 2018 (the value of merchandise exports from Germany amounted to $1.45 trillion in 2017)

Germany's exports 2018 by country

Top export destinations of commodities from Germany in 2018:

  • USA with a share of 8.6% (134 billion US$)
  • France with a share of 7.95% (124 billion US$)
  • China with a share of 7.07% (110 billion US$)
  • Netherlands with a share of 6.37% (99 billion US$)
  • United Kingdom with a share of 6.18% (96 billion US$)
  • Italy with a share of 5.27% (82 billion US$)
  • Austria with a share of 4.81% (75 billion US$)
  • Poland with a share of 4.78% (74 billion US$)
  • Switzerland with a share of 4.19% (65 billion US$)
  • Spain with a share of 3.34% (52 billion US$)

Exports structure from Germany in 2018 represented by the following commodity groups:

  • 17.1% (268 billion US$): 84 - Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof
  • 16.9% (264 billion US$): 87 - Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof
  • 10.2% (160 billion US$): 85 - Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles
  • 6.12% (95 billion US$): 30 - Pharmaceutical products
  • 5.2% (81 billion US$): 90 - Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof
  • 4.36% (68 billion US$): 39 - Plastics and articles thereof
  • 3.03% (47 billion US$): 99 - Commodities not specified according to kind
  • 2.66% (41 billion US$): 88 - Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof
  • 2.15% (33 billion US$): 73 - Articles of iron or steel
  • 2.13% (33 billion US$): 27 - Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes

What did Germany export in 2018?

Germany's Top Exports in 2018:

  • 9.9% ($154 billion): 8703 - Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons (other than those of heading 87.02), including station wagons and racing cars.
  • 4.32% ($67 billion): 8708 - Parts and accessories of the motor vehicles of headings 87.01 to 87.05.
  • 3.56% ($55 billion): 3004 - Medicaments (excluding goods of heading 30.02, 30.05 or 30.06) consisting of mixed or unmixed products for therapeutic or prophylactic uses, put up in measured doses (including those in the form of transdermal administration systems) or in forms or packings for retail sale.
  • 1.94% ($30 billion): 8802 - Other aircraft (for example, helicopters, aeroplanes); spacecraft (including satellites) and suborbital and spacecraft launch vehicles.
  • 1.88% ($29 billion): 3002 - Human blood; animal blood prepared for therapeutic, prophylactic or diagnostic uses; antisera and other blood fractions and modified immunological products, whether or not obtained by means of biotechnological processes; vaccines, toxins, cultures of micro-organisms (excluding yeasts) and similar products.
  • 1.28% ($20 billion): 8479 - Machines and mechanical appliances having individual functions, not specified or included elsewhere in this Chapter.
  • 1.24% ($19.4 billion): 8471 - Automatic data processing machines and units thereof; magnetic or optical readers, machines for transcribing data onto data media in coded form and machines for processing such data, not elsewhere specified or included.
  • 1.08% ($16.9 billion): 8542 - Electronic integrated circuits and microassemblies.
  • 0.996% ($15.5 billion): 9018 - Instruments and appliances used in medical, surgical, dental or veterinary sciences, including scintigraphic apparatus, other electro-medical apparatus and sight-testing instruments.

The value of total merchandise imports to Germany totalled $ 1.29 trillion in 2018. Merchandise imports to Germany increased by 10.5% compared to 2017. Goods imports grew up by $ 123 billion in 2018 (the value of merchandise imports to Germany was equal to $1.16 trillion in 2017)

Germany's imports 2018 by country

Top trading partners (import sources) of Germany in 2018:

  • China with a share of 9.8% (126 billion US$)
  • Netherlands with a share of 8.12% (104 billion US$)
  • USA with a share of 6.05% (78 billion US$)
  • France with a share of 5.98% (77 billion US$)
  • Italy with a share of 5.5% (71 billion US$)
  • Poland with a share of 5.04% (65 billion US$)
  • Czech Republic with a share of 4.36% (56 billion US$)
  • Switzerland with a share of 4.27% (55 billion US$)
  • Belgium with a share of 4.13% (53 billion US$)
  • Austria with a share of 3.82% (49 billion US$)

Imports structure to Germany in 2018 represented by the following commodity groups:

  • 12.5% (162 billion US$): 84 - Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof
  • 11.8% (152 billion US$): 85 - Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles
  • 10.2% (132 billion US$): 87 - Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof
  • 9.11% (117 billion US$): 27 - Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes
  • 4.31% (55 billion US$): 30 - Pharmaceutical products
  • 3.81% (49 billion US$): 39 - Plastics and articles thereof
  • 3.59% (46 billion US$): 29 - Organic chemicals
  • 3.49% (45 billion US$): 90 - Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof
  • 2.56% (33 billion US$): 72 - Iron and steel
  • 2.4% (31 billion US$): 99 - Commodities not specified according to kind

What did Germany import in 2018?

Germany's Top Imports in 2018:

  • 4.8% ($62 billion): 8703 - Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons (other than those of heading 87.02), including station wagons and racing cars.
  • 3.48% ($45 billion): 2709 - Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, crude.
  • 3.43% ($44 billion): 8708 - Parts and accessories of the motor vehicles of headings 87.01 to 87.05.
  • 2.61% ($33 billion): 2711 - Petroleum gases and other gaseous hydrocarbons.
  • 2.36% ($30 billion): 8471 - Automatic data processing machines and units thereof; magnetic or optical readers, machines for transcribing data onto data media in coded form and machines for processing such data, not elsewhere specified or included.
  • 2.21% ($28 billion): 3004 - Medicaments (excluding goods of heading 30.02, 30.05 or 30.06) consisting of mixed or unmixed products for therapeutic or prophylactic uses, put up in measured doses (including those in the form of transdermal administration systems) or in forms or packings for retail sale.
  • 1.99% ($25 billion): 2710 - Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, other than crude; preparations not elsewhere specified or included, containing by weight 70 % or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparations; waste oils.
  • 1.91% ($24 billion): 8525 - Transmission apparatus for radio-telephony, radio-telegraphy, radio-broadcasting or television, whether or not incorporating reception apparatus or sound recording or reproducing apparatus; television cameras; still image video cameras and other video camera recorders; digital cameras.
  • 1.89% ($24 billion): 3002 - Human blood; animal blood prepared for therapeutic, prophylactic or diagnostic uses; antisera and other blood fractions and modified immunological products, whether or not obtained by means of biotechnological processes; vaccines, toxins, cultures of micro-organisms (excluding yeasts) and similar products.

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Germany | Imports and Exports | World | ALL COMMODITIES | Netweight (kg); Quantity and Value (US$) | 2007 - 2018