Annual International Trade Statistics by Country
Publication date: 2020-02-10
Reporting period: 2002 - 2018
Timeseries: 173 million
Source:UN Comtrade
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Germany | Imports and Exports | World | ALL COMMODITIES | Netweight (kg); Quantity and Value (US$) | 2008 - 2019

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Commodity Reporter Partner Trade flow Indicator 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
TOTAL. ALL COMMODITIES Germany World Exports Value (US$) 1 466 137 413 000.00 1 127 839 933 000.00 1 271 096 328 740.00 1 482 202 274 324.00 1 410 129 632 976.00 1 450 950 921 369.00 1 498 157 777 815.00 1 328 549 134 465.00 1 340 752 046 170.00 1 446 642 435 221.00 1 562 418 816 337.00 1 493 094 693 526.00
Imports Value (US$) 1 204 209 307 000.00 938 363 080 000.00 1 066 816 751 876.00 1 260 297 536 716.00 1 161 213 213 460.00 1 187 314 563 884.00 1 214 955 667 361.00 1 057 616 385 859.00 1 060 672 017 229.00 1 167 753 355 161.00 1 292 726 052 270.00 1 240 696 545 698.00

The value of merchandise exports from Germany totalled $ 1.49 trillion in 2019. Overall commodity exports from Germany decreased by 4.43% compared to 2018. Merchandise exports decreased by $ 69 billion (the value of merchandise exports from Germany amounted to $1.56 trillion in 2018)

Germany's exports 2019 by country

Top export destinations of commodities from Germany in 2019:

  • USA with a share of 8.94% (133 billion US$)
  • France with a share of 8% (119 billion US$)
  • China with a share of 7.25% (108 billion US$)
  • Netherlands with a share of 6.21% (92 billion US$)
  • United Kingdom with a share of 5.9% (88 billion US$)
  • Italy with a share of 5.09% (76 billion US$)
  • Poland with a share of 4.93% (73 billion US$)
  • Austria with a share of 4.75% (70 billion US$)
  • Switzerland with a share of 4.33% (64 billion US$)
  • Belgium with a share of 3.45% (51 billion US$)

Exports structure from Germany in 2019 represented by the following main commodity groups:

  • 17.2% (257 billion US$): 84 - Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof
  • 16.3% (244 billion US$): 87 - Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof
  • 10.4% (155 billion US$): 85 - Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles
  • 6.04% (90 billion US$): 30 - Pharmaceutical products
  • 5.41% (80 billion US$): 90 - Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof
  • 4.1% (61 billion US$): 39 - Plastics and articles thereof
  • 2.97% (44 billion US$): 99 - Commodities not specified according to kind
  • 2.83% (42 billion US$): 88 - Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof
  • 2.28% (34 billion US$): 27 - Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes
  • 2.09% (31 billion US$): 73 - Articles of iron or steel

What did Germany export in 2019?

Germany's Top Exports in 2019:

  • 9.57% ($142 billion): 8703 - Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons (other than those of heading 87.02), including station wagons and racing cars.
  • 4.16% ($62 billion): 8708 - Parts and accessories of the motor vehicles of headings 87.01 to 87.05.
  • 3.78% ($56 billion): 3004 - Medicaments (excluding goods of heading 30.02, 30.05 or 30.06) consisting of mixed or unmixed products for therapeutic or prophylactic uses, put up in measured doses (including those in the form of transdermal administration systems) or in forms or packings for retail sale.
  • 2.1% ($31 billion): 8802 - Other aircraft (for example, helicopters, aeroplanes); spacecraft (including satellites) and suborbital and spacecraft launch vehicles.
  • 1.94% ($28 billion): 3002 - Human blood; animal blood prepared for therapeutic, prophylactic or diagnostic uses; antisera and other blood fractions and modified immunological products, whether or not obtained by means of biotechnological processes; vaccines, toxins, cultures of micro-organisms (excluding yeasts) and similar products.
  • 1.31% ($19.6 billion): 8479 - Machines and mechanical appliances having individual functions, not specified or included elsewhere in this Chapter.
  • 1.24% ($18.6 billion): 8471 - Automatic data processing machines and units thereof; magnetic or optical readers, machines for transcribing data onto data media in coded form and machines for processing such data, not elsewhere specified or included.
  • 1.08% ($16.2 billion): 9018 - Instruments and appliances used in medical, surgical, dental or veterinary sciences, including scintigraphic apparatus, other electro-medical apparatus and sight-testing instruments.
  • 1.01% ($15.1 billion): 8542 - Electronic integrated circuits and microassemblies.

The value of merchandise imports to Germany totalled $ 1.24 trillion in 2019. Overall commodity imports to Germany decreased by 4.02% compared to 2018. Merchandise imports decreased by $ 52 billion (the value of merchandise imports to Germany was equal to $1.29 trillion in 2018)

Germany's imports 2019 by country

Top trading partners (import sources) of Germany in 2019:

  • China with a share of 10% (124 billion US$)
  • Netherlands with a share of 7.91% (98 billion US$)
  • USA with a share of 6.57% (81 billion US$)
  • France with a share of 5.95% (73 billion US$)
  • Poland with a share of 5.2% (64 billion US$)
  • Italy with a share of 5.16% (64 billion US$)
  • Czech Republic with a share of 4.31% (53 billion US$)
  • Switzerland with a share of 4.29% (53 billion US$)
  • Austria with a share of 3.73% (46 billion US$)
  • Belgium with a share of 3.67% (45 billion US$)

Imports structure to Germany in 2019 represented by the following main commodity groups:

  • 12.5% (156 billion US$): 84 - Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof
  • 11.6% (144 billion US$): 85 - Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles
  • 11% (137 billion US$): 87 - Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof
  • 8.8% (109 billion US$): 27 - Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes
  • 4.64% (57 billion US$): 30 - Pharmaceutical products
  • 3.63% (45 billion US$): 39 - Plastics and articles thereof
  • 3.6% (44 billion US$): 90 - Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof
  • 3.26% (40 billion US$): 29 - Organic chemicals
  • 2.48% (30 billion US$): 99 - Commodities not specified according to kind
  • 2.22% (27 billion US$): 72 - Iron and steel

What did Germany import in 2019?

Germany's Top Imports in 2019:

  • 5.73% ($71 billion): 8703 - Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons (other than those of heading 87.02), including station wagons and racing cars.
  • 3.28% ($40 billion): 2709 - Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, crude.
  • 3.23% ($40 billion): 8708 - Parts and accessories of the motor vehicles of headings 87.01 to 87.05.
  • 2.52% ($31 billion): 2711 - Petroleum gases and other gaseous hydrocarbons.
  • 2.46% ($30 billion): 3004 - Medicaments (excluding goods of heading 30.02, 30.05 or 30.06) consisting of mixed or unmixed products for therapeutic or prophylactic uses, put up in measured doses (including those in the form of transdermal administration systems) or in forms or packings for retail sale.
  • 2.38% ($29 billion): 8471 - Automatic data processing machines and units thereof; magnetic or optical readers, machines for transcribing data onto data media in coded form and machines for processing such data, not elsewhere specified or included.
  • 1.97% ($24 billion): 3002 - Human blood; animal blood prepared for therapeutic, prophylactic or diagnostic uses; antisera and other blood fractions and modified immunological products, whether or not obtained by means of biotechnological processes; vaccines, toxins, cultures of micro-organisms (excluding yeasts) and similar products.
  • 1.95% ($24 billion): 2710 - Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, other than crude; preparations not elsewhere specified or included, containing by weight 70 % or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparations; waste oils.
  • 1.9% ($23 billion): 8525 - Transmission apparatus for radio-telephony, radio-telegraphy, radio-broadcasting or television, whether or not incorporating reception apparatus or sound recording or reproducing apparatus; television cameras; still image video cameras and other video camera recorders; digital cameras.

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Germany | Imports and Exports | World | ALL COMMODITIES | Netweight (kg); Quantity and Value (US$) | 2008 - 2019