Annual International Trade Statistics by Country (HS)
Publication date: 2022-11-14
Reporting period: 2002 - 2021
Timeseries: 194 million
Source:TrendEconomy
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Germany | Imports and Exports | World | ALL COMMODITIES | Value (US$) and Value Growth, YoY (%) | 2009 - 2020

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2020
TOTAL. ALL COMMODITIESGermanyWorldExportsValue (US$)1,127,839,933,000.001,271,096,328,740.001,482,202,274,324.001,410,129,632,976.001,450,950,921,369.001,498,157,777,815.001,328,549,134,465.001,337,236,557,704.001,446,642,435,221.001,562,418,816,337.001,493,266,563,850.001,385,852,259,832.31
Value Growth, YoY (%)-23.0712.7016.60-4.862.893.25-11.320.658.188.00-4.42-7.19
ImportsValue (US$)938,363,080,000.001,066,816,751,876.001,260,297,536,716.001,161,213,213,460.001,187,314,563,884.001,214,955,667,361.001,057,616,385,859.001,060,882,070,132.001,167,753,355,161.001,292,726,052,270.001,239,897,203,131.001,173,167,331,768.12
Value Growth, YoY (%)-22.0713.6818.13-7.862.242.32-12.950.3010.0710.70-4.08-5.38

The value of merchandise exports from Germany totalled $ 1.38 trillion in 2020. Overall commodity exports from Germany decreased by 7.19% compared to 2019. Merchandise exports decreased by $ 107 billion (the value of merchandise exports from Germany amounted to $1.49 trillion in 2019)

Germany's exports 2020 by country

Top export destinations of commodities from Germany in 2020:

  • USA with a share of 8.6% (119 billion US$)
  • China with a share of 7.96% (110 billion US$)
  • France with a share of 7.48% (103 billion US$)
  • Netherlands with a share of 6.43% (89 billion US$)
  • United Kingdom with a share of 5.52% (76 billion US$)
  • Poland with a share of 5.34% (74 billion US$)
  • Italy with a share of 4.98% (69 billion US$)
  • Austria with a share of 4.81% (66 billion US$)
  • Switzerland with a share of 4.77% (66 billion US$)
  • Belgium with a share of 3.56% (49 billion US$)

Exports structure from Germany in 2020 represented by the following main commodity groups:

  • 17.1% (237 billion US$): 84 - Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof
  • 15.2% (211 billion US$): 87 - Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof
  • 11% (153 billion US$): 85 - Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles
  • 7.16% (99 billion US$): 30 - Pharmaceutical products
  • 5.38% (74 billion US$): 90 - Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof
  • 4.21% (58 billion US$): 39 - Plastics and articles thereof
  • 2.2% (30 billion US$): 99 - Commodities not specified according to kind
  • 2.07% (28 billion US$): 88 - Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof
  • 2.03% (28 billion US$): 73 - Articles of iron or steel
  • 1.96% (27 billion US$): 38 - Miscellaneous chemical products

What did Germany export in 2020?

Germany's Top Exports in 2020:

  • 8.86% ($122 billion): 8703 - Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons (other than those of heading 87.02), including station wagons and racing cars
  • 4.37% ($60 billion): 3004 - Medicaments (excluding goods of heading 30.02, 30.05 or 30.06) consisting of mixed or unmixed products for therapeutic or prophylactic uses, put up in measured doses (including those in the form of transdermal administration systems) or in forms or packings for retail sale
  • 3.93% ($54 billion): 8708 - Parts and accessories of the motor vehicles of headings 87.01 to 87.05
  • 2.41% ($33 billion): 3002 - Human blood; animal blood for therapeutic, prophylactic or diagnostic uses; antisera, other blood fractions, immunological products, modified or obtained by biotechnological processes; vaccines, toxins, cultures of micro-organisms (excluding yeasts) etc
  • 1.5% ($20 billion): 8802 - Other aircraft (for example, helicopters, aeroplanes); spacecraft (including satellites) and suborbital and spacecraft launch vehicles
  • 1.21% ($16.7 billion): 9018 - Instruments and appliances used in medical, surgical, dental or veterinary sciences, including scintigraphic apparatus, other electro-medical apparatus and sight-testing instruments
  • 1.17% ($16.2 billion): 8479 - Machines and mechanical appliances having individual functions, not specified or included elsewhere in this Chapter
  • 1.13% ($15.7 billion): 8471 - Automatic data processing machines and units thereof; magnetic or optical readers, machines for transcribing data onto data media in coded form and machines for processing such data, not elsewhere specified or included
  • 1.04% ($14.4 billion): 8421 - Centrifuges, including centrifugal dryers; filtering or purifying machinery and apparatus, for liquids or gases

The value of merchandise imports to Germany totalled $ 1.17 trillion in 2020. Overall commodity imports to Germany decreased by 5.38% compared to 2019. Merchandise imports decreased by $ 66 billion (the value of merchandise imports to Germany was equal to $1.23 trillion in 2019)

Germany's imports 2020 by country

Top trading partners (import sources) of Germany in 2020:

  • China with a share of 11.5% (134 billion US$)
  • Netherlands with a share of 7.54% (88 billion US$)
  • USA with a share of 6.68% (78 billion US$)
  • Poland with a share of 5.69% (66 billion US$)
  • France with a share of 5.48% (64 billion US$)
  • Italy with a share of 5.24% (61 billion US$)
  • Switzerland with a share of 4.58% (53 billion US$)
  • Czech Republic with a share of 4.25% (49 billion US$)
  • Austria with a share of 3.75% (44 billion US$)
  • United Kingdom with a share of 3.36% (39 billion US$)

Imports structure to Germany in 2020 represented by the following main commodity groups:

  • 12.8% (151 billion US$): 84 - Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof
  • 12.8% (150 billion US$): 85 - Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles
  • 10.5% (124 billion US$): 87 - Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof
  • 6.52% (76 billion US$): 27 - Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes
  • 5.72% (67 billion US$): 30 - Pharmaceutical products
  • 3.64% (42 billion US$): 90 - Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof
  • 3.56% (41 billion US$): 39 - Plastics and articles thereof
  • 3.23% (37 billion US$): 29 - Organic chemicals
  • 2.19% (25 billion US$): 71 - Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones, precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin
  • 1.87% (22 billion US$): 73 - Articles of iron or steel

What did Germany import in 2020?

Germany's Top Imports in 2020:

  • 5.62% ($65 billion): 8703 - Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons (other than those of heading 87.02), including station wagons and racing cars
  • 2.93% ($34 billion): 8708 - Parts and accessories of the motor vehicles of headings 87.01 to 87.05
  • 2.91% ($34 billion): 3004 - Medicaments (excluding goods of heading 30.02, 30.05 or 30.06) consisting of mixed or unmixed products for therapeutic or prophylactic uses, put up in measured doses (including those in the form of transdermal administration systems) or in forms or packings for retail sale
  • 2.45% ($28 billion): 3002 - Human blood; animal blood for therapeutic, prophylactic or diagnostic uses; antisera, other blood fractions, immunological products, modified or obtained by biotechnological processes; vaccines, toxins, cultures of micro-organisms (excluding yeasts) etc
  • 2.36% ($27 billion): 8471 - Automatic data processing machines and units thereof; magnetic or optical readers, machines for transcribing data onto data media in coded form and machines for processing such data, not elsewhere specified or included
  • 2.34% ($27 billion): 2709 - Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, crude
  • 2.15% ($25 billion): 8517 - Electrical apparatus for line telephony or line telegraphy, including line telephone sets with cordless handsets and telecommunication apparatus for carrier-current line systems or for digital line systems; videophones
  • 2.01% ($23 billion): 2711 - Petroleum gases and other gaseous hydrocarbons
  • 1.4% ($16.5 billion): 2933 - Heterocyclic compounds with nitrogen hetero-atom(s) only

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Germany | Imports and Exports | World | ALL COMMODITIES | Value (US$) and Value Growth, YoY (%) | 2009 - 2020