Annual International Trade Statistics by Country
Publication date: 2020-02-10
Reporting period: 2002 - 2018
Timeseries: 173 million
Source:UN Comtrade
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Ghana | Imports and Exports | World | ALL COMMODITIES | Netweight (kg); Quantity and Value (US$) | 2008 - 2019

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Commodity Reporter Partner Trade flow Indicator 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
TOTAL. ALL COMMODITIES Ghana World Exports Value (US$) 3 809 918 541.00 5 070 533 314.00 5 233 390 055.00 18 146 652 693.00 15 761 184 044.00 12 643 899 375.00 10 655 796 413.00 14 358 509 951.00 17 099 588 399.00 16 768 275 189.00
Imports Value (US$) 8 536 051 306.00 6 464 802 527.00 8 057 140 728.00 12 602 676 328.00 13 578 112 617.00 12 787 233 399.00 11 361 004 402.00 12 718 141 844.00 11 880 470 763.00 10 439 795 453.00

The value of merchandise exports from Ghana totalled $ 16.7 billion in 2019. Overall commodity exports from Ghana decreased by 1.93% compared to 2018. Merchandise exports decreased by $ 331 million (the value of merchandise exports from Ghana amounted to $17 billion in 2018)

Ghana's exports 2019 by country

Top export destinations of commodities from Ghana in 2019:

  • China with a share of 16.7% (2.8 billion US$)
  • Switzerland with a share of 14.7% (2.46 billion US$)
  • India with a share of 14.1% (2.38 billion US$)
  • South Africa with a share of 11.7% (1.97 billion US$)
  • Netherlands with a share of 5.76% (966 million US$)
  • United Arab Emirates with a share of 5.36% (899 million US$)
  • USA with a share of 4.2% (704 million US$)
  • United Kingdom with a share of 2.47% (415 million US$)
  • France with a share of 2.24% (377 million US$)
  • Italy with a share of 1.84% (308 million US$)

Exports structure from Ghana in 2019 represented by the following main commodity groups:

  • 36% (6.19 billion US$): 71 - Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones, precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin
  • 31% (5.31 billion US$): 27 - Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes
  • 16.1% (2.71 billion US$): 18 - Cocoa and cocoa preparations
  • 2.35% (394 million US$): 26 - Ores, slag and ash
  • 2.19% (367 million US$): 08 - Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons
  • 1.33% (224 million US$): 39 - Plastics and articles thereof
  • 1.14% (192 million US$): 15 - Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes
  • 0.884% (148 million US$): 16 - Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates
  • 0.747% (125 million US$): 44 - Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal
  • 0.734% (123 million US$): 28 - Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare earth metals, of radioactive elements or of isotopes

What did Ghana export in 2019?

Ghana's Top Exports in 2019:

  • 36% ($6.19 billion): 7108 - Gold (including gold plated with platinum) unwrought or in semi-manufactured forms, or in powder form.
  • 31% ($5.25 billion): 2709 - Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, crude.
  • 11% ($1.85 billion): 1801 - Cocoa beans, whole or broken, raw or roasted.
  • 2.44% ($409 million): 1803 - Cocoa paste, whether or not defatted.
  • 2.08% ($349 million): 2602 - Manganese ores and concentrates, including ferruginous manganese ores and concentrates with a manganese content of 20 % or more, calculated on the dry weight.
  • 2.01% ($337 million): 1804 - Cocoa butter, fat and oil.
  • 1.46% ($246 million): 0801 - Coconuts, Brazil nuts and cashew nuts, fresh or dried, whether or not shelled or peeled.
  • 0.872% ($146 million): 1604 - Prepared or preserved fish; caviar and caviar substitutes prepared from fish eggs.
  • 0.722% ($121 million): 2843 - Colloidal precious metals; inorganic or organic compounds of precious metals, whether or not chemically defined; amalgams of precious metals.
  • 0.648% ($108 million): 1511 - Palm oil and its fractions, whether or not refined, but not chemically modified.

The value of merchandise imports to Ghana totalled $ 10.4 billion in 2019. Overall commodity imports to Ghana decreased by 12.1% compared to 2018. Merchandise imports decreased by $ 1.44 billion (the value of merchandise imports to Ghana was equal to $11.8 billion in 2018)

Ghana's imports 2019 by country

Top trading partners (import sources) of Ghana in 2019:

  • China with a share of 18.1% (1.89 billion US$)
  • USA with a share of 9.35% (976 million US$)
  • United Kingdom with a share of 6.56% (685 million US$)
  • India with a share of 5.57% (582 million US$)
  • Belgium with a share of 5.1% (532 million US$)
  • Turkey with a share of 4.47% (466 million US$)
  • South Africa with a share of 3.42% (357 million US$)
  • Vietnam with a share of 3.03% (316 million US$)
  • United Arab Emirates with a share of 2.64% (275 million US$)
  • Canada with a share of 2.55% (266 million US$)

Imports structure to Ghana in 2019 represented by the following main commodity groups:

  • 16.2% (1.69 billion US$): 87 - Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof
  • 13% (1.36 billion US$): 84 - Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof
  • 6.53% (681 million US$): 85 - Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles
  • 5% (522 million US$): 10 - Cereals
  • 4.79% (501 million US$): 39 - Plastics and articles thereof
  • 3.74% (391 million US$): 73 - Articles of iron or steel
  • 3.58% (373 million US$): 25 - Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement
  • 3.44% (359 million US$): 72 - Iron and steel
  • 2.87% (299 million US$): 27 - Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes
  • 2.84% (297 million US$): 44 - Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal

What did Ghana import in 2019?

Ghana's Top Imports in 2019:

  • 8.44% ($881 million): 8703 - Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons (other than those of heading 87.02), including station wagons and racing cars.
  • 4.23% ($441 million): 8704 - Motor vehicles for the transport of goods.
  • 3.59% ($374 million): 1006 - Rice.
  • 3.06% ($319 million): 2523 - Portland cement, aluminous cement, slag cement, supersulphate cement and similar hydraulic cements, whether or not coloured or in the form of clinkers.
  • 2.26% ($236 million): 2710 - Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, other than crude; preparations not elsewhere specified or included, containing by weight 70 % or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparations; waste oils.
  • 2.08% ($217 million): 4406 - Railway or tramway sleepers (cross-ties) of wood.
  • 1.94% ($203 million): 3004 - Medicaments (excluding goods of heading 30.02, 30.05 or 30.06) consisting of mixed or unmixed products for therapeutic or prophylactic uses, put up in measured doses (including those in the form of transdermal administration systems) or in forms or packings for retail sale.
  • 1.93% ($202 million): 0303 - Fish, frozen, excluding fish fillets and other fish meat of heading 03.04.
  • 1.57% ($164 million): 3901 - Polymers of ethylene, in primary forms.
  • 1.47% ($154 million): 3808 - Insecticides, rodenticides, fungicides, herbicides, anti-sprouting products and plant-growth regulators, disinfectants and similar products, put up in forms or packings for retail sale or as preparations or articles (for example, sulphur-treated bands, wicks and candles, and fly-papers).

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Ghana | Imports and Exports | World | ALL COMMODITIES | Netweight (kg); Quantity and Value (US$) | 2008 - 2019