Annual International Trade Statistics by Country (HS02)
Publication date: 2021-11-14
Reporting period: 2002 - 2020
Timeseries: 177 million
Source:UN Comtrade
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Madagascar | Imports and Exports | World | ALL COMMODITIES | Value (US$) and Value Growth, YoY (%) | 2009 - 2020

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2020
TOTAL. ALL COMMODITIESMadagascarWorldExportsValue (US$)1,095,897,922.001,082,167,741.001,259,683,023.001,224,513,561.001,626,888,977.002,243,189,647.002,164,461,193.002,261,351,178.002,851,663,745.003,133,017,751.002,688,948,366.001,959,950,995.00
Value Growth, YoY (%)-34.27-1.2516.40-2.7932.8637.88-3.504.4726.109.86-14.17-27.11
ImportsValue (US$)3,159,330,780.002,546,194,911.002,730,468,599.002,658,986,872.002,699,414,641.003,354,796,022.002,960,905,154.002,971,710,042.003,658,005,536.004,081,653,524.003,944,263,148.003,228,450,958.00
Value Growth, YoY (%)-17.95-19.407.23-2.611.5224.27-11.740.3623.0911.58-3.36-18.14

The value of merchandise exports from Madagascar totalled $ 1.95 billion in 2020. Overall commodity exports from Madagascar decreased by 27% compared to 2019. Merchandise exports decreased by $ 728 million (the value of merchandise exports from Madagascar amounted to $2.68 billion in 2019)

Madagascar's exports 2020 by country

Top export destinations of commodities from Madagascar in 2020:

  • France with a share of 23% (453 million US$)
  • USA with a share of 22% (441 million US$)
  • Germany with a share of 8.28% (162 million US$)
  • China with a share of 6% (117 million US$)
  • Netherlands with a share of 4.36% (85 million US$)
  • India with a share of 3.94% (77 million US$)
  • United Arab Emirates with a share of 3.9% (76 million US$)
  • Canada with a share of 3.21% (63 million US$)
  • Japan with a share of 3.15% (61 million US$)
  • South Africa with a share of 3% (58 million US$)

Exports structure from Madagascar in 2020 represented by the following main commodity groups:

  • 30% (596 million US$): 09 - Coffee, tea, matT and spices
  • 10.5% (207 million US$): 62 - Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted
  • 9.43% (184 million US$): 61 - Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted
  • 7.5% (147 million US$): 75 - Nickel and articles thereof
  • 6.61% (129 million US$): 26 - Ores, slag and ash
  • 5.37% (105 million US$): 03 - Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates
  • 4.93% (96 million US$): 71 - Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones, precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin
  • 3.6% (70 million US$): 33 - Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations
  • 1.96% (38 million US$): 20 - Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants
  • 1.81% (35 million US$): 13 - Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts

What did Madagascar export in 2020?

Madagascar's Top Exports in 2020:

  • 26% ($512 million): 0905 - Vanilla.
  • 7.32% ($143 million): 7502 - Unwrought nickel.
  • 5.16% ($101 million): 6110 - Jerseys, pullovers, cardigans, waist-coats and similar articles, knitted or crocheted.
  • 4.93% ($96 million): 2614 - Titanium ores and concentrates.
  • 4.83% ($94 million): 0306 - Crustaceans, whether in shell or not, live, fresh, chilled, frozen, dried, salted or in brine; crustaceans, in shell, cooked by steaming or by boiling in water, whether or not chilled, frozen, dried, salted or in brine; flours, meals and pellets of crustaceans, fit for human consumption.
  • 4.05% ($79 million): 6203 - Men's or boys' suits, ensembles, jackets, blazers, trousers, bib and brace overalls, breeches and shorts (other than swimwear).
  • 3.56% ($69 million): 3301 - Essential oils (terpeneless or not), including concretes and absolutes; resinoids; extracted oleoresins; concentrates of essential oils in fats, in fixed oils, in waxes or the like, obtained by enfleurage or maceration; terpenic by-products of the deterpenation of essential oils; aqueous distillates and aqueous solutions of essential oils.
  • 3.52% ($69 million): 7108 - Gold (including gold plated with platinum) unwrought or in semi-manufactured forms, or in powder form.
  • 3.25% ($63 million): 0907 - Cloves (whole fruit, cloves and stems).
  • 2.11% ($41 million): 6204 - Women's or girls' suits, ensembles, jackets, blazers, dresses, skirts, divided skirts, trousers, bib and brace overalls, breeches and shorts (other than swimwear).

The value of merchandise imports to Madagascar totalled $ 3.22 billion in 2020. Overall commodity imports to Madagascar decreased by 18.1% compared to 2019. Merchandise imports decreased by $ 715 million (the value of merchandise imports to Madagascar was equal to $3.94 billion in 2019)

Madagascar's imports 2020 by country

Top trading partners (import sources) of Madagascar in 2020:

  • China with a share of 25% (818 million US$)
  • India with a share of 8.55% (276 million US$)
  • France with a share of 7.19% (232 million US$)
  • United Arab Emirates with a share of 6.59% (212 million US$)
  • South Africa with a share of 4.16% (134 million US$)
  • Egypt with a share of 3.54% (114 million US$)
  • Malaysia with a share of 3.37% (108 million US$)
  • Mauritius with a share of 3.04% (98 million US$)
  • Other Europe, nes with a share of 2.78% (90 million US$)
  • Turkey with a share of 2.46% (79 million US$)

Imports structure to Madagascar in 2020 represented by the following main commodity groups:

  • 12.5% (404 million US$): 27 - Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes
  • 8% (258 million US$): 84 - Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof
  • 6.36% (205 million US$): 10 - Cereals
  • 5.83% (188 million US$): 87 - Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof
  • 4.94% (159 million US$): 85 - Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles
  • 4.76% (153 million US$): 15 - Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes
  • 4.36% (140 million US$): 30 - Pharmaceutical products
  • 3.44% (111 million US$): 39 - Plastics and articles thereof
  • 2.93% (94 million US$): 52 - Cotton
  • 2.47% (80 million US$): 51 - Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric

What did Madagascar import in 2020?

Madagascar's Top Imports in 2020:

  • 11.4% ($369 million): 2710 - Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, other than crude; preparations not elsewhere specified or included, containing by weight 70 % or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparations; waste oils.
  • 5.58% ($180 million): 1006 - Rice.
  • 3.22% ($103 million): 3004 - Medicaments (excluding goods of heading 30.02, 30.05 or 30.06) consisting of mixed or unmixed products for therapeutic or prophylactic uses, put up in measured doses (including those in the form of transdermal administration systems) or in forms or packings for retail sale.
  • 2.97% ($96 million): 1511 - Palm oil and its fractions, whether or not refined, but not chemically modified.
  • 2.27% ($73 million): 6006 - Other knitted or crocheted fabrics.
  • 1.9% ($61 million): 8704 - Motor vehicles for the transport of goods.
  • 1.83% ($59 million): 2523 - Portland cement, aluminous cement, slag cement, supersulphate cement and similar hydraulic cements, whether or not coloured or in the form of clinkers.
  • 1.81% ($58 million): 1101 - Wheat or meslin flour.
  • 1.79% ($57 million): 1701 - Cane or beet sugar and chemically pure sucrose, in solid form.
  • 1.73% ($56 million): 8703 - Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons (other than those of heading 87.02), including station wagons and racing cars.

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Madagascar | Imports and Exports | World | ALL COMMODITIES | Value (US$) and Value Growth, YoY (%) | 2009 - 2020