Annual International Trade Statistics
Publication date: 2019-05-19
Reporting period: 2002 - 2018
Timeseries: 164 million
Source:UN Comtrade
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Mongolia | Imports and Exports | World | ALL COMMODITIES | Value (US$) | 2007 - 2018

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Commodities Reporter Partner Trade flow Indicator 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
TOTAL. ALL COMMODITIES Mongolia World Exports Value (US$) 1 886 552 768.00 4 269 055 846.00 5 774 330 896.00 4 669 280 457.00 4 916 326 458.00 6 200 592 951.00 7 011 757 684.00
Imports Value (US$) 2 117 033 711.00 6 357 821 461.00 5 131 455 440.00 3 796 591 418.00 3 339 603 834.00 4 337 319 901.00 5 874 787 944.00

The value of total merchandise exports from Mongolia totalled $ 7.01 billion in 2018. Merchandise exports from Mongolia increased by 13% compared to 2017. Goods exports grew up by $ 811 million in 2018 (the value of merchandise exports from Mongolia amounted to $6.2 billion in 2017)

Mongolia's exports 2018 by country

Top export destinations of commodities from Mongolia in 2018:

  • China with a share of 92% (6.5 billion US$)
  • United Kingdom with a share of 2.46% (172 million US$)
  • Russia with a share of 1.22% (85 million US$)
  • Italy - 54 million US$
  • Singapore - 30 million US$
  • Japan - 26 million US$
  • Other Asia, nes - 25 million US$
  • Korea - 21 million US$
  • Germany - 12.2 million US$
  • Hong-Kong - 11.8 million US$

Exports structure from Mongolia in 2018 represented by the following commodity groups:

  • 45% (3.21 billion US$): 27 - Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes
  • 38% (2.67 billion US$): 26 - Ores, slag and ash
  • 5.17% (362 million US$): 51 - Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric
  • 2.7% (189 million US$): 25 - Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement
  • 2.07% (145 million US$): 71 - Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones, precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin
  • 1.22% (86 million US$): 02 - Meat and edible meat offal
  • 1.17% (82 million US$): 74 - Copper and articles thereof
  • 1.13% (79 million US$): 16 - Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates
  • 0.543% (38 million US$): 61 - Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted
  • 0.306% (21 million US$): 84 - Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

What did Mongolia export in 2018?

Mongolia's Top Exports in 2018:

  • 39% ($2.78 billion): 2701 - Coal; briquettes, ovoids and similar solid fuels manufactured from coal.
  • 28% ($2.01 billion): 2603 - Copper ores and concentrates.
  • 5.59% ($391 million): 2709 - Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, crude.
  • 4.88% ($342 million): 2601 - Iron ores and concentrates, including roasted iron pyrites.
  • 4% ($281 million): 5102 - Fine or coarse animal hair, not carded or combed.
  • 2.82% ($197 million): 2608 - Zinc ores and concentrates.
  • 2.7% ($189 million): 2529 - Felspar; leucite, nepheline and nepheline syenite; fluorspar.
  • 2.06% ($144 million): 7108 - Gold (including gold plated with platinum) unwrought or in semi-manufactured forms, or in powder form.
  • 1.17% ($82 million): 7403 - Refined copper and copper alloys, unwrought.
  • 1.12% ($79 million): 1602 - Other prepared or preserved meat, meat offal or blood.

The value of total merchandise imports to Mongolia totalled $ 5.87 billion in 2018. Merchandise imports to Mongolia increased by 35% compared to 2017. Goods imports grew up by $ 1.53 billion in 2018 (the value of merchandise imports to Mongolia was equal to $4.33 billion in 2017)

Mongolia's imports 2018 by country

Top trading partners (import sources) of Mongolia in 2018:

  • China with a share of 33% (1.96 billion US$)
  • Russia with a share of 29% (1.71 billion US$)
  • Japan with a share of 9.54% (561 million US$)
  • Korea with a share of 4.46% (262 million US$)
  • USA with a share of 3.6% (211 million US$)
  • Germany with a share of 2.87% (168 million US$)
  • Poland - 58 million US$
  • Italy - 54 million US$
  • India - 51 million US$
  • Malaysia - 50 million US$

Imports structure to Mongolia in 2018 represented by the following commodity groups:

  • 22% (1.31 billion US$): 27 - Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes
  • 14% (827 million US$): 87 - Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof
  • 13.6% (800 million US$): 84 - Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof
  • 8.24% (484 million US$): 85 - Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles
  • 5.49% (322 million US$): 73 - Articles of iron or steel
  • 2.6% (153 million US$): 72 - Iron and steel
  • 2.16% (127 million US$): 39 - Plastics and articles thereof
  • 2% (118 million US$): 30 - Pharmaceutical products
  • 1.75% (102 million US$): 90 - Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof
  • 1.7% (100 million US$): 40 - Rubber and articles thereof

What did Mongolia import in 2018?

Mongolia's Top Imports in 2018:

  • 18.9% ($1.11 billion): 2710 - Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, other than crude; preparations not elsewhere specified or included, containing by weight 70 % or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparations; waste oils.
  • 6.94% ($407 million): 8703 - Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons (other than those of heading 87.02), including station wagons and racing cars.
  • 4.82% ($283 million): 8704 - Motor vehicles for the transport of goods.
  • 2.42% ($142 million): 2716 - Electrical energy. (optional heading)
  • 2.32% ($136 million): 7308 - Structures (excluding prefabricated buildings of heading 94.06) and parts of structures (for example, bridges and bridge?sections, lock?gates, towers, lattice masts, roofs, roofing frame?works, doors and windows and their frames and thresholds for doors, shutters, balustrades, pillars and columns), of iron or steel; plates, rods, angles, shapes, sections, tubes and the like, prepared for use in structures, of iron or steel.
  • 2.26% ($133 million): 8429 - Self-propelled bulldozers, angledozers, graders, levellers, scrapers, mechanical shovels, excavators, shovel loaders, tamping machines and road rollers.
  • 1.65% ($97 million): 8525 - Transmission apparatus for radio-telephony, radio-telegraphy, radio-broadcasting or television, whether or not incorporating reception apparatus or sound recording or reproducing apparatus; television cameras; still image video cameras and other video camera recorders; digital cameras.
  • 1.63% ($95 million): 3004 - Medicaments (excluding goods of heading 30.02, 30.05 or 30.06) consisting of mixed or unmixed products for therapeutic or prophylactic uses, put up in measured doses (including those in the form of transdermal administration systems) or in forms or packings for retail sale.
  • 1.43% ($84 million): 7214 - Other bars and rods of iron or non-alloy steel, not further worked than forged, hot-rolled, hot-drawn or hot-extruded, but including those twisted after rolling.
  • 1.16% ($68 million): 8431 - Parts suitable for use solely or principally with the machinery of headings 84.25 to 84.30.

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Mongolia | Imports and Exports | World | ALL COMMODITIES | Value (US$) | 2007 - 2018