Annual International Trade Statistics by Country (HS02)
Publication date: 2021-04-05
Reporting period: 2002 - 2020
Timeseries: 177 million
Source:UN Comtrade
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Turkey | Imports and Exports | World | ALL COMMODITIES | Value (US$) and Value Growth, YoY (%) | 2009 - 2020

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Commodity Reporter Partner Trade flow Indicator 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
TOTAL. ALL COMMODITIES Turkey World Exports Value (US$) 102 142 612 603.00 113 883 219 184.00 134 906 868 830.00 152 461 736 556.00 151 802 637 087.00 157 610 157 690.00 143 850 376 386.00 142 529 583 808.00 156 992 940 414.00 168 023 390 683.00 180 835 909 574.00 169 657 939 777.00
Value Growth, YoY (%) -22.635 11.494 18.46 13.012 -0.432 3.825 -8.73 -0.918 10.147 7.026 7.625 -6.181
Imports Value (US$) 140 928 421 211.00 185 544 331 852.00 240 841 676 274.00 236 545 140 909.00 251 661 250 110.00 242 177 117 073.00 207 206 508 911.00 198 618 235 047.00 233 799 651 234.00 223 039 038 051.00 210 343 464 863.00 219 514 372 881.00
Value Growth, YoY (%) -30.22 31.658 29.802 -1.783 6.39 -3.768 -14.44 -4.144 17.713 -4.602 -5.692 4.359

The value of merchandise exports from Turkey totalled $ 169 billion in 2020. Overall commodity exports from Turkey decreased by 6.18% compared to 2019. Merchandise exports decreased by $ 11.1 billion (the value of merchandise exports from Turkey amounted to $180 billion in 2019)

Turkey's exports 2020 by country

Top export destinations of commodities from Turkey in 2020:

  • Germany with a share of 9.41% (15.9 billion US$)
  • Iraq with a share of 5.38% (9.14 billion US$)
  • Italy with a share of 4.76% (8.08 billion US$)
  • Netherlands with a share of 3.06% (5.19 billion US$)
  • Israel with a share of 2.77% (4.7 billion US$)
  • Russia with a share of 2.65% (4.5 billion US$)
  • Romania with a share of 2.29% (3.89 billion US$)
  • Belgium with a share of 2.14% (3.63 billion US$)
  • Poland with a share of 2.04% (3.47 billion US$)
  • China with a share of 1.68% (2.86 billion US$)

Exports structure from Turkey in 2020 represented by the following main commodity groups:

  • 13% (22 billion US$): 87 - Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof
  • 9.93% (16.8 billion US$): 84 - Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof
  • 5.45% (9.24 billion US$): 85 - Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles
  • 5.18% (8.8 billion US$): 72 - Iron and steel
  • 4.94% (8.38 billion US$): 61 - Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted
  • 4.11% (6.97 billion US$): 39 - Plastics and articles thereof
  • 3.94% (6.69 billion US$): 71 - Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones, precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin
  • 3.89% (6.6 billion US$): 62 - Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted
  • 3.75% (6.36 billion US$): 73 - Articles of iron or steel
  • 2.84% (4.83 billion US$): 08 - Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

What did Turkey export in 2020?

Turkey's Top Exports in 2020:

  • 5.68% ($9.63 billion): 8703 - Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons (other than those of heading 87.02), including station wagons and racing cars.
  • 2.59% ($4.4 billion): 8708 - Parts and accessories of the motor vehicles of headings 87.01 to 87.05.
  • 2.47% ($4.19 billion): 8704 - Motor vehicles for the transport of goods.
  • 2.19% ($3.71 billion): 2710 - Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, other than crude; preparations not elsewhere specified or included, containing by weight 70 % or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparations; waste oils.
  • 2.1% ($3.57 billion): 7113 - Articles of jewellery and parts thereof, of precious metal or of metal clad with precious metal.
  • 1.63% ($2.77 billion): 7108 - Gold (including gold plated with platinum) unwrought or in semi-manufactured forms, or in powder form.
  • 1.51% ($2.56 billion): 7214 - Other bars and rods of iron or non-alloy steel, not further worked than forged, hot-rolled, hot-drawn or hot-extruded, but including those twisted after rolling.
  • 1.48% ($2.52 billion): 6204 - Women's or girls' suits, ensembles, jackets, blazers, dresses, skirts, divided skirts, trousers, bib and brace overalls, breeches and shorts (other than swimwear).
  • 1.35% ($2.3 billion): 6109 - T-shirts, singlets and other vests, knitted or crocheted.
  • 1.31% ($2.23 billion): 5702 - Carpets and other textile floor coverings, woven, not tufted or flocked, whether or not made up, including Kelem, Schumacks, Karamanie and similar hand-woven rugs.

The value of merchandise imports to Turkey totalled $ 219 billion in 2020. Merchandise imports to Turkey increased by 4.35% compared to 2019. Goods imports grew up by $ 9.17 billion in 2020 (the value of merchandise imports to Turkey was equal to $210 billion in 2019)

Turkey's imports 2020 by country

Top trading partners (import sources) of Turkey in 2020:

  • China with a share of 10.4% (23 billion US$)
  • Germany with a share of 9.9% (21 billion US$)
  • Russia with a share of 8.12% (17.8 billion US$)
  • Italy with a share of 4.19% (9.19 billion US$)
  • Iraq with a share of 3.73% (8.2 billion US$)
  • Korea with a share of 2.61% (5.73 billion US$)
  • Japan with a share of 1.7% (3.74 billion US$)
  • Belgium with a share of 1.69% (3.71 billion US$)
  • Netherlands with a share of 1.65% (3.62 billion US$)
  • Poland with a share of 1.36% (3 billion US$)

Imports structure to Turkey in 2020 represented by the following main commodity groups:

  • 13.1% (28 billion US$): 27 - Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes
  • 12.1% (26 billion US$): 71 - Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones, precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin
  • 11.5% (25 billion US$): 84 - Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof
  • 7.71% (16.9 billion US$): 85 - Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles
  • 6.96% (15.2 billion US$): 87 - Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof
  • 6.88% (15.1 billion US$): 72 - Iron and steel
  • 5.35% (11.7 billion US$): 39 - Plastics and articles thereof
  • 2.68% (5.88 billion US$): 29 - Organic chemicals
  • 2.25% (4.95 billion US$): 30 - Pharmaceutical products
  • 2.17% (4.76 billion US$): 90 - Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof

What did Turkey import in 2020?

Turkey's Top Imports in 2020:

  • 11.4% ($25 billion): 7108 - Gold (including gold plated with platinum) unwrought or in semi-manufactured forms, or in powder form.
  • 3.61% ($7.92 billion): 8703 - Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons (other than those of heading 87.02), including station wagons and racing cars.
  • 2.88% ($6.33 billion): 2710 - Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, other than crude; preparations not elsewhere specified or included, containing by weight 70 % or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparations; waste oils.
  • 2.84% ($6.24 billion): 7204 - Ferrous waste and scrap; remelting scrap ingots of iron or steel.
  • 2.38% ($5.22 billion): 8708 - Parts and accessories of the motor vehicles of headings 87.01 to 87.05.
  • 1.53% ($3.36 billion): 8525 - Transmission apparatus for radio-telephony, radio-telegraphy, radio-broadcasting or television, whether or not incorporating reception apparatus or sound recording or reproducing apparatus; television cameras; still image video cameras and other video camera recorders; digital cameras.
  • 1.32% ($2.91 billion): 8802 - Other aircraft (for example, helicopters, aeroplanes); spacecraft (including satellites) and suborbital and spacecraft launch vehicles.
  • 1.26% ($2.78 billion): 8471 - Automatic data processing machines and units thereof; magnetic or optical readers, machines for transcribing data onto data media in coded form and machines for processing such data, not elsewhere specified or included.
  • 1.23% ($2.72 billion): 2701 - Coal; briquettes, ovoids and similar solid fuels manufactured from coal.

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Turkey | Imports and Exports | World | ALL COMMODITIES | Value (US$) and Value Growth, YoY (%) | 2009 - 2020